Rabbit eyes were enucleated and frozen in liquid nitrogen. The vitreous was removed and analyzed for prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub> (PGE<sub>2</sub>). The mean level ( ± SEM) of PGE<sub>2</sub> in the anterior as well as in the posterior vitreous was 0.09 ± 0.016 ng/ml (n = 12 rabbits). Animals pretreated with indomethacin 15 min before death, in order to prevent the formation of prostaglandin during enucleation, showed in both the anterior and posterior vitreous mean PGE<sub>2</sub> levels of 0.04 ± 0.008 ng/ml (n = 12) which were significantly lower. Ocular trauma such as paracentesis of the anterior chamber, indentation of the sclera or laser photocoagulation in the fundus 1 h before death of the animals did not increase the concentration of PGE<sub>2</sub> in the vitreous humor. There is no evidence either for local release of PGE<sub>2</sub> from tissues in the fundus of the eye or for diffusion of PGE<sub>2</sub> from the anterior chamber into the vitreous humor.