A growing body of studies are identifying associations between adverse childhood experiences and psychological and behavior problems among adolescents. The current paper provides a review of the existing evidence relating adverse childhood experiences to psychological and behavior problems among adolescents, as well as biological mechanisms including central nervous system, psychoneuroendocrine and psychoneuroimmune pathways underlying this association. Several directions for future research are proposed. Adverse childhood experiences should be considered as a priority in the prevention and control of psychological and behavior problems among adolescents.
【摘要】 童年期不良经历与青少年心理行为问题的关联得到越来越多研究者的关注。本文对童年期不良经历影响 青少年心理行为问题的研究进行梳理，从脑、神经内分泌和神经免疫学视角探讨两者关联的生物学基础，提出若干研究选 题，倡导把童年期不良经历放在防控青少年心理行为问题优先关注的领域。