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      The Body Appreciation Scale-2: item refinement and psychometric evaluation.

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          Abstract

          Considered a positive body image measure, the 13-item Body Appreciation Scale (BAS; Avalos, Tylka, & Wood-Barcalow, 2005) assesses individuals' acceptance of, favorable opinions toward, and respect for their bodies. While the BAS has accrued psychometric support, we improved it by rewording certain BAS items (to eliminate sex-specific versions and body dissatisfaction-based language) and developing additional items based on positive body image research. In three studies, we examined the reworded, newly developed, and retained items to determine their psychometric properties among college and online community (Amazon Mechanical Turk) samples of 820 women and 767 men. After exploratory factor analysis, we retained 10 items (five original BAS items). Confirmatory factor analysis upheld the BAS-2's unidimensionality and invariance across sex and sample type. Its internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct (convergent, incremental, and discriminant) validity were supported. The BAS-2 is a psychometrically sound positive body image measure applicable for research and clinical settings.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Body Image
          Body image
          Elsevier BV
          1873-6807
          1740-1445
          Jan 2015
          : 12
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus and Marion Campuses, Marion, OH, United States. Electronic address: tylka.2@osu.edu.
          [2 ] The Center for Balanced Living, Worthington, OH, United States.
          Article
          S1740-1445(14)00131-4
          10.1016/j.bodyim.2014.09.006
          25462882
          4917b4c5-688c-456c-a041-4f1e4370e08d
          History

          Scale development,Psychometrics,Amazon Mechanical Turk,Body appreciation,Measurement invariance,Positive body image

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