Ilaria Baiardini 1 , Paola Rogliani 2 , Pierachille Santus 3 , Angelo G Corsico 4 , Marco Contoli 5 , Nicola Scichilone 6 , Fabiano Di Marco 7 , Patrizia Lessi 8 , Carla Scognamillo 8 , Giorgia Molinengo 9 , Fabio Ferri 10 , Vincenzo Patella 11 , Giuseppe Fiorentino 12 , Mauro Carone 13 , Fulvio Braido 14
17 December 2018
Patient awareness of COPD refers to knowledge and acceptance of the disease and its treatment. Although it is relevant to management and outcomes, the disease awareness of patients is poorly investigated, and no validated questionnaires are currently available. We aimed to develop the novel Disease Awareness in COPD Questionnaire (DACQ), which was validated in relation to demographic and clinical features, in patients participating in the SATisfaction and Adherence to COPD Treatment (SAT) study.
DACQ was developed according to a list of items regarding the patient’s knowledge, acceptance, and perception of COPD as well as of treatment needs. The questionnaire was validated by assessing internal structure and consistency, correlations with other patient-reported outcomes, and stability over time. Furthermore, the extent of disease awareness of patients enrolled in the SAT study was assessed by using DACQ, and correlations with demographic and clinical features were evaluated.
DACQ was composed of four domains. Overall reliability and stability over time were adequate; correlations between DACQ and other tools measuring different constructs (ie, treatment satisfaction, illness perception, impact of COPD symptoms on daily life, and dyspnea severity) were, as expected, more limited. In the enrolled patient sample, a suboptimal level of disease awareness (<70%) was detected, especially in terms of disease acceptance and perception. Disease knowledge was positively associated with COPD severity, while the impact of symptoms on daily life was negatively associated with disease acceptance, awareness of treatment needs, and overall awareness.
DACQ proved to be a reliable tool to assess awareness in COPD patients. Awareness of COPD patients need to be improved.
ClinicalTrials.gov ID# NCT02689492.