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      Plant reproductive susceptibility to habitat fragmentation: review and synthesis through a meta-analysis

      , , ,
      Ecology Letters
      Wiley

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          Abstract

          The loss and fragmentation of natural habitats by human activities are pervasive phenomena in terrestrial ecosystems across the Earth and the main driving forces behind current biodiversity loss. Animal-mediated pollination is a key process for the sexual reproduction of most extant flowering plants, and the one most consistently studied in the context of habitat fragmentation. By means of a meta-analysis we quantitatively reviewed the results from independent fragmentation studies throughout the last two decades, with the aim of testing whether pollination and reproduction of plant species may be differentially susceptible to habitat fragmentation depending on certain reproductive traits that typify the relationship with and the degree of dependence on their pollinators. We found an overall large and negative effect of fragmentation on pollination and on plant reproduction. The compatibility system of plants, which reflects the degree of dependence on pollinator mutualism, was the only reproductive trait that explained the differences among the species' effect sizes. Furthermore, a highly significant correlation between the effect sizes of fragmentation on pollination and reproductive success suggests that the most proximate cause of reproductive impairment in fragmented habitats may be pollination limitation. We discuss the conservation implications of these findings and give some suggestions for future research into this area.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Ecology Letters
          Ecol Letters
          Wiley
          1461-023X
          1461-0248
          August 2006
          August 2006
          : 9
          : 8
          : 968-980
          Article
          10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.00927.x
          16913941
          497c0c14-450e-483b-be6d-0c84a9b19860
          © 2006

          http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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