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      A short review of drug–food interactions of medicines treating overactive bladder syndrome

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          Background Overactive bladder syndrome is a condition where one or more of the symptoms such as pollakiuria, urgent need to urinate, nocturia and urinary incontinence is observed. Its prevalence ranges between 7 and 27 % in men and 9–43 % in women. The role of a pharmacist is to educate the patient on medications administration scheme, and drug interactions with particular food or food components. Aim of the review To assess a potential impact of food and fruit juice on the pharmacokinetic and therapeutic effects of medications used in treating overactive bladder syndrome. This information will enhance pharmaceutical care and is vital and helpful for pharmacists counseling their patients. Method In order to gather information on interactions of medications employed in bladder dysfunctions, the English language reports published in the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and CINAHL database over the years 1996–2015 were studied. Additionally, other resources, namely drugs.com, Medscape, UpToDate, Micromedex, Medical Letter, as well as Stockley Drugs Interaction electronic publication were included in the study. The analysis also covered product data sheets for particular medicinal products. Results Meals and the consumption of grapefruit juice were found to exert a diversified effect on the pharmacokinetics of drugs employed in overactive bladder syndrome therapy. Neither tolterodine, nor mirabegron interact with food and citrus fruit juice, whereas darifenacin, fesoterodine, oxybutynin and solifenacin do interact with grapefruit and others citrus fruit juice. The effects of such interactions may potentially be negative to patients. Trospium absorption is significantly decreased by food. Conclusion For selected medicines used in treating bladder dysfunctions food and grapefruit juice consumption may significantly affect efficacy and safety of the therapy. All information on the topic is likely to enhance the quality of pharmaceutical care.

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          Most cited references 27

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          Grapefruit-medication interactions: forbidden fruit or avoidable consequences?

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            New pharmacologic targets for the treatment of the overactive bladder: an update.

            Although currently available antimuscarinic agents are the standard of care for overactive bladder (OAB), they are limited by certain side effects, particularly dry mouth and constipation. Research aimed at discovering new therapies for OAB has resulted in the identification of some promising drugs. Investigations of pharmacologic targets in the central nervous system (CNS) have yielded encouraging results with several agents, including tramadol and gabapentin. Further investigation may show that drugs acting at serotonergic and noradrenergic CNS sites are clinically useful as therapies for OAB. Some peripherally acting drugs, such as resiniferatoxin and botulinum toxin, have already been proved to be of clinical value. However, development of other agents that block afferent or efferent nerve impulses in the bladder through activity at vanilloid, purinergic, or opioid-like receptor sites may result in clinically useful drugs.
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              Polypharmacy and food-drug interactions among older persons: a review.

              Polypharmacy is generally defined as the use of 5 or more prescription medications on a regular basis. The average number of prescribed and over-the-counter medications used by community-dwelling older adults per day in the United States is 6 medications, and the number used by institutionalized older persons is 9 medications. Almost all medications affect nutriture, either directly or indirectly, and nutriture affects drug disposition and effect. This review will highlight the issues surrounding polypharmacy, food-drug interactions, and the consequences of these interactions for the older adult.

                Author and article information

                +48126205670 , paskopaw@poczta.fm
                Int J Clin Pharm
                Int J Clin Pharm
                International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
                Springer International Publishing (Cham )
                13 October 2016
                13 October 2016
                : 38
                : 6
                : 1350-1356
                [1 ]Department of Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Medyczna 9, 30-688 Kraków, Poland
                [2 ]Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-531 Kraków, Poland
                © The Author(s) 2016

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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                © Springer International Publishing 2016


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