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      [Investigation of influencing variables on the computer-aided simulation of contacts in dynamic occlusion based on optically digitized plaster casts].

      Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical engineering

      Computer Simulation, Dental Articulators, Dental Casting Technique, Dental Models, Dental Occlusion, Environment, Humans, Imaging, Three-Dimensional, methods, Jaw Relation Record, Mandible, anatomy & histology, physiology, Models, Biological, Movement, User-Computer Interface

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          In dentistry, mechanical articulators with which mandibular movements can be reproduced in dentals casts play a major role. Commonly used semiadjustable articulators, however, have major limitations: On the one hand, the movement of the mandible is not reproduced exactly, on the other, they do not provide time-related information on jaw movement. Both problems can be solved by replacing the mechanical articulator by a digital simulation ("virtual articulator") based on digitized plaster casts and electronically recorded masticatory movements. We present a system for the 3D measurement of plaster casts in a skull-related, anatomical coordinate system using the fringe projection technique, and electronically recorded condylar movements. Using numerical algorithms, the contacts between upper and low jaw, and the angle of rotation of the temporomandibular joint can be computed for each movement in dynamic occlusion. Taking the data recorded from a patient as an example, the influence of the accuracy of the digitization of plaster casts on the computation of the rotation of the temporomandibular joint is discussed in relation to the anatomy of the masticatory apparatus.

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