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      Biochemical Markers of Ischaemia for the Early Identification of Acute Myocardial Infarction without ST Segment Elevation

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          Abstract

          Blood was collected on admission and after 1–2 h in 130 consecutive patients admitted with typical chest pain in order to assess the capacity of myoglobin, fatty-acid-binding protein (FABP), CK-MB mass, and troponin I (TnI) in the early identification of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) without ST elevation. Using the maximum value within 6 h of onset of symptoms, AMI was detected with a 90–95% sensitivity and a 81–94% specificity by FABP at a cut-off level 8–12 µg/l, or 81–86% and 89–93%, respectively, by myoglobin at a cut-off level 70–90 µg/l. CK-MB mass and TnI had low sensitivity, albeit very high specificity. As almost all AMI patients were identified within 6 h, serial measurements of FABP or myoglobin ruled out AMI with a very high degree of certainty. Due to the low prevalence of AMI (16%), the positive predictive values were modest (47–73%), yet increasing the probability of AMI by a factor 3–4. Myoglobin and FABP are very useful markers in the early triage of chest pain patients.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Benefit of abciximab in patients with refractory unstable angina in relation to serum troponin T levels. c7E3 Fab Antiplatelet Therapy in Unstable Refractory Angina (CAPTURE) Study Investigators.

          In patients with refractory unstable angina, the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa-receptor antibody abciximab reduces the incidence of cardiac events before and during coronary angioplasty. We investigated whether serum troponin T levels identify patients most likely to benefit from therapy with this drug. Among 1265 patients with unstable angina who were enrolled in the c7E3 Fab Antiplatelet Therapy in Unstable Refractory Angina (CAPTURE) trial, serum samples drawn at the time of randomization to abciximab or placebo were available from 890 patients; we used these samples for the determination of troponin T and creatine kinase MB levels. Patients with postinfarction angina were not included. Serum troponin T levels at the time of study entry were elevated (above 0.1 ng per milliliter) in 275 patients (30.9 percent). Among patients receiving placebo, the risk of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction was related to troponin T levels. The six-month cumulative event rate was 23.9 percent among patients with elevated troponin T levels, as compared with 7.5 percent among patients without elevated troponin T levels (P<0.001). Among patients treated with abciximab, the respective six-month event rates were 9.5 percent for patients with elevated troponin T levels and 9.4 percent for those without elevated levels. As compared with placebo, the relative risk of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction associated with treatment with abciximab in patients with elevated troponin T levels was 0.32 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.14 to 0.62; P=0.002). The lower event rates in patients receiving abciximab were attributable to a reduction in the rate of myocardial infarction (odds ratio, 0.23; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.12 to 0.49; P<0.001). In patients without elevated troponin T levels, there was no benefit of treatment with respect to the relative risk of death or myocardial infarction at six months (odds ratio, 1.26; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.74 to 2.31; P=0.47). The serum troponin T level, which is considered to be a surrogate marker for thrombus formation, identifies a high-risk subgroup of patients with refractory unstable angina suitable for coronary angioplasty who will particularly benefit from antiplatelet treatment with abciximab.
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            • Record: found
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            Invasive compared with non-invasive treatment in unstable coronary-artery disease: FRISC II prospective randomised multicentre study

              (1999)
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              Ruling out acute myocardial infarction early with two serial creatine kinase-MBmassdeterminations

               R De Winter (1999)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2000
                April 2001
                26 April 2001
                : 94
                : 4
                : 254-261
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Cardiology and bDepartment of Clinical Biochemistry and Genetics, Odense University Hospital, Odense C, Denmark, and cCardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
                Article
                47326 Cardiology 2000;94:254–261
                10.1159/000047326
                11326147
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 2, References: 22, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Coronary Care

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