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      Regulación emocional en pacientes con trastornos de ansiedad: un estudio comparativo con una muestra comunitaria Translated title: Emotion regulation in patients with anxiety disorders: a comparative study with a community sample

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          Abstract

          Según modelos psicopatológicos recientes el desarrollo y mantenimiento de los trastornos de ansiedad (TA) se relacionaría con el uso de estrategias de regulación emocional desadaptativas. El estudio comparó el uso de estrategias de regulación emocional para afrontar emociones displacenteras en un grupo de 62 pacientes con TA y uno integrado por 61 controles (GC). No se hallaron diferencias en el uso de las estrategias de aproximación cognitiva. Comparados con el GC, los pacientes con TA utilizaron en mayor medida estrategias de Evitación Cognitiva, Resignación-Aceptación, Descarga Emocional y Búsqueda de apoyo; a la vez que emplearon en menor medida estrategias de Resolución de Problemas. Para el grupo ansioso, las estrategias de Resignación-Aceptación, Descarga Emocional y Análisis Lógico correlacionaron positivamente con todas las medidas de severidad sintomatológica, mientras que la Revaloración positiva lo hizo negativamente. En vista de los resultados, se discuten sus implicaciones para el desarrollo de nuevos protocolos de tratamiento.

          Translated abstract

          According to current psychopathological models development and maintenance of anxiety disorders (AD) would be related to the use of maladaptive emotion regulation strategies. The study compared the use of emotional regulation strategies to cope with unpleasant emotions in a group of 62 patients with AD and one composed by 61 controls (CG). No di f ferences were found between groups regarding use of cognitive approximation strategies. Compared with control group patients with AD reported a greater tendency to engage in Cognitive Avoidance, Resignation-Acceptance, Emotional discharge and Support Seeking strategies. In turn, AD patients were less prone to use Problem Solving strategies. For AD group Resignation-Acceptance, Emotional discharge and Logical Analysis strategies were positively correlated to all symptomatology measures while Positive Revaluation strategy did negatively. In view of the results their implications for the development of new treatment protocols are discussed.

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          Most cited references 50

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          The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review.

           James J Gross (1998)
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            Effects of suppression and acceptance on emotional responses of individuals with anxiety and mood disorders.

            The present investigation compared the subjective and physiological effects of emotional suppression and acceptance in a sample of individuals with anxiety and mood disorders. Sixty participants diagnosed with anxiety and mood disorders were randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group listened to a rationale for suppressing emotions, and the other group listened to a rationale for accepting emotions. Participants then watched an emotion-provoking film and applied the instructions. Subjective distress, heart rate, skin conductance level, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia were measured before, during, and after the film. Although both groups reported similar levels of subjective distress during the film, the acceptance group displayed less negative affect during the post-film recovery period. Furthermore, the suppression group showed increased heart rate and the acceptance group decreased heart rate in response to the film. There were no differences between the two groups in skin conductance or respiratory sinus arrhythmia. These findings are discussed in the context of the existing body of research on emotion regulation and current treatment approaches for anxiety and mood disorders.
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              Emotion regulation: a theme in search of definition.

              Contemporary interest in emotion regulation promises to advance important new views of emotional development as well as offering applications to developmental psychopathology, but these potential contributions are contingent on developmentalists' attention to some basic definitional issues. This essay offers a perspective on these issues by considering how emotion regulation should be defined, the various components of the management of emotion, how emotion regulation strategies fit into the dynamics of social interaction, and how individual differences in emotion regulation should be conceptualized and measured. In the end, it seems clear that emotion regulation is a conceptual rubric for a remarkable range of developmental processes, each of which may have its own catalysts and control processes. Likewise, individual differences in emotion regulation skills likely have multifaceted origins and are also related in complex ways to the person's emotional goals and the immediate demands of the situation. Assessment approaches that focus on the dynamics of emotion are well suited to elucidating these complex developmental and individual differences. In sum, a challenging research agenda awaits those who enter this promising field of study.
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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ] UBA Argentina
                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                anuinv
                Anuario de investigaciones
                Anu. investig.
                Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Psicología (Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires )
                1851-1686
                June 2012
                : 19
                : 1
                : 273-280
                S1851-16862012000100028

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Argentina
                Categories
                PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

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