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      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
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      Is Open Access

      Titles and abstracts of scientific reports ignore variation among species

      1 , *

      eLife

      eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd

      species variation, X inactivation, scientific publishing, D. melanogaster, E. coli, human, mouse

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          Abstract

          An analysis of more than 1000 research articles in biology reveals that the name of the species being studied is not mentioned in the title or abstract of many articles. Consequently, such data are not easily accessible in the PubMed database. These omissions can mislead readers about the true nature of developmental processes and delay the acceptance of valid species differences. To improve the accuracy of the scientific record, I suggest that journals should require that authors include the name of the species being studied in the title or abstract of submitted papers.

          DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.05075.001

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          Most cited references 15

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          Evolution and tinkering.

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            The Xist RNA gene evolved in eutherians by pseudogenization of a protein-coding gene.

            The Xist noncoding RNA is the key initiator of the process of X chromosome inactivation in eutherian mammals, but its precise function and origin remain unknown. Although Xist is well conserved among eutherians, until now, no homolog has been identified in other mammals. We show here that Xist evolved, at least partly, from a protein-coding gene and that the loss of protein-coding function of the proto-Xist coincides with the four flanking protein genes becoming pseudogenes. This event occurred after the divergence between eutherians and marsupials, which suggests that mechanisms of dosage compensation have evolved independently in both lineages.
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              Opinion: Comparative biology of mouse versus human cells: modelling human cancer in mice.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: Reviewing editor
                Journal
                eLife
                eLife
                eLife
                eLife
                eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd
                2050-084X
                2050-084X
                24 December 2014
                2014
                : 3
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Barbara R MigeondeptMcKusick Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine , Johns Hopkins University , Baltimore, United States
                eLife , United Kingdom
                eLife , United Kingdom
                Author notes
                [* ]For correspondence: bmigeon@ 123456jhmi.edu
                Article
                05075
                10.7554/eLife.05075
                4275570
                25537194
                © 2014, Migeon

                This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.

                Product
                Funding
                The author declares there was no grant funding for this research. The Institute of Genetic Medicine, which provides my salary had no role in this research.
                Categories
                Feature Article
                Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
                Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
                Research
                Custom metadata
                2.0
                Ignoring the probability of species variation when reporting observations about biological processes leads to misinterpretation of the experimental data.

                Life sciences

                mouse, human, e. coli, d. melanogaster, scientific publishing, x inactivation, species variation

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