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HIV and stigma: analysis and research program.

Current HIV/AIDS Reports

Attitude to Health, Female, HIV Infections, drug therapy, prevention & control, psychology, Stereotyping, Health Education, methods, Humans, Male, Research

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      Despite advances in our understanding of HIV transmission and optimal treatment of people with HIV infection, stigmatizing attitudes are a significant barrier to HIV prevention and treatment. Several studies demonstrate that stigma directed towards people with HIV infection presents an obstacle to getting tested for HIV, obtaining optimal HIV care, and engaging in safe sex practices. We review the literature on individual and societal factors associated with HIV-associated stigma and propose a framework for intervention design.

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