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      Decrease of Renal Endothelin 1 Content and Gene Expression in Diabetic Rats with Moderate Hyperglycemia

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          Abstract

          To investigate the intrarenal endothelin 1 (ET-1) synthesis in streptozocin (STZ) diabetic rats with moderate hyperglycemia, we measured plasma ET-1, renal ET-1 mRNA, and renal tissue ET-1 levels. The renal ET-1 mRNA expression progressively decreased from the 2nd to the 6th week after induction of diabetes by STZ. The renal ET-1 mRNA expression and the renal tissue ET-1 content were significantly reduced in 8 diabetic rats with a mean blood glucose level of 21.0 ± 0.4 m M as compared with 7 normal rats sacrificed at the 6th week after STZ or citric buffer injection. The reduction of renal ET-1 and mRNA levels was ameliorated in 9 diabetic rats with a mean blood glucose level of 6.9 ± 0.7 m M after strict glycemic control by insulin treatment. Kidney weight and glomerular filtration rate in moderately hyperglycemic rats were significantly increased as compared with normal rats at the 6th week after STZ injection. The mean plasma ET-1 levels in moderately hyperglycemic diabetic rats were not different from those of the other two groups. This study demonstrates that moderate hyperglycemia in diabetic rats is associated with a reduction in renal ET-1 synthesis. Whether decreased renal ET-1 synthesis is an adapative phenomenon of a renal hemodynamic change during the early stage of diabetes is worthy of further investigation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1995
          1995
          18 December 2008
          : 70
          : 4
          : 486-493
          Affiliations
          Departments of aInternal Medicine and bClinical Pathology and cSchool of Biology, Kaohsiung Medical College, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC
          Article
          188649 Nephron 1995;70:486–493
          10.1159/000188649
          7477656
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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