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      Specific Release of a Novel Pituitary Polypeptide, 7B2, from Rat Anterior Pituitary Cells in vitro by Luteinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone

      , , ,

      Neuroendocrinology

      S. Karger AG

      7B2, Pituitary-gonadotrophs, LHRH-release

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          Abstract

          We have recently purified a novel pituitary polypeptide, designated 7B2. Subsequently, we developed a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) for this novel polypeptide. Our aim in the present study was to investigate the release of 7B2 from rat pituitary induced by various hypothalamic factors [luteinizing hormone-releasing factor (LH-RH), corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), and growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF)]. The anterior pituitaries were removed from rats and immediately dispersed enzymatically (a mixture of collagenase/dispase/deoxyribonuclease/chicken serum) and plated on collagen-coated multiwell plates in culture medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum. After 2 days of attachment period, the medium was replaced with fresh medium every 24 h. The primary cell culture was incubated with various concentrations of LH-RH, CRF or GRF. Subsequently, the concentrations of IR-7B2, IR-LH, IR-FSH, and IR-ACTH released into the medium were quantified by specific RIA. LH-RH, at a concentration as low as 7.5 ng/ml (6 × 10<sup>–9</sup> M; dose range 7.5–60 ng/ml) stimulated the release of IR-7B2, IR-LH, and IR-FSH, by 2- to 3-fold, 17- to 18-fold, and 3-fold, respectively, over basal levels. No significant increase of IR-7B2 was observed when stimulated by CRF or GRF at doses as high as 100 ng/ml. In addition, K+ (50 m M) stimulated the release of all the peptides measured. In conclusion, our studies suggest that the novel peptide 7B2 is under LH-RH control and indirectly confirm the immunohistochemical results of its cellular co-localization in FSH and LH cells.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1986
          1986
          01 April 2008
          : 44
          : 3
          : 373-377
          Affiliations
          Laboratories of Biochemical and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (affiliated with the University of Montreal), Montreal, Canada
          Article
          124671 Neuroendocrinology 1986;44:373–377
          10.1159/000124671
          3100976
          © 1986 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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