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      Renin-angiotensin system and alpha-adducin gene polymorphisms and their relation to responses to antihypertensive drugs: results from the GENRES study.

      American Journal of Hypertension

      genetics, Adult, drug effects, Renin-Angiotensin System, Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1, Polymorphism, Genetic, Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A, Middle Aged, Male, therapeutic use, Losartan, Hydrochlorothiazide, Humans, Calmodulin-Binding Proteins, Blood Pressure, Bisoprolol, Antihypertensive Agents, Angiotensinogen, Amlodipine

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          Polymorphisms in genes coding for components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and alpha-adducin (ADD1) have been reported to be associated with blood pressure (BP) responses to antihypertensive agents. The results, however, have not been consistent and most of the earlier studies have been small and lacked placebo-control. Therefore, the association of common polymorphisms in these genes with BP responses to four different antihypertensive drugs was analyzed in a controlled study. The study included 208 hypertensive Finnish men from the GENRES study. All of them used amlodipine 5 mg, bisoprolol 5 mg, hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) 25 mg, and losartan 50 mg daily, each for 4 weeks as a monotherapy in a double-blind, randomized, study. The treatment periods were separated by 4-week placebo periods. Both 24-h ambulatory (ABP) and office BP (OBP) measurements were carried out. The polymorphisms analyzed were ADD1 Gly460Trp, angiotensinogen (AGT) Met235Thr, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D), and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGTR1) 1166A/C. The presence of 460Trp allele of ADD1, previously suggested to be a marker of thiazide responsiveness, did not predict a better response to HCT. There was no significant association of AGT Met235Thr, ACE I/D, and AGTR1 1166A/C polymorphisms with BP responses to the study drugs. ADD1 460Trp and AGT 235Thr alleles were associated with higher systolic white coat effect (WCE) during the placebo periods (P values 0.03 and 0.01, respectively). Common polymorphisms of ADD1, AGT, ACE, and AGTR1 do not markedly predict BP responses to amlodipine, bisoprolol, HCT, and losartan, at least in white hypertensive men.

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