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      Crustacean cardioactive peptide is a modulator of oviduct contractions in Locusta migratoria

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      Journal of Insect Physiology

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP) stimulates the contractions of locust oviducts. CCAP increased the basal tonus and increased the frequency and amplitude of phasic contractions, as well as the amplitude of neurally-evoked oviduct contractions in a dose-dependent manner. Oviducts from Vth instar larvae and adult locusts aged 10 days or less, were more sensitive to CCAP than oviducts from adult locusts aged 12 days or more. This may be indicative of a differential expression of number or subtypes of CCAP receptors on the oviducts at different ages, and may be related to reproductive functions or to functions of CCAP on the oviducts during ecdysis. The oviducts appear more sensitive to CCAP when compared with previously published reports of CCAP actions on the hindgut. CCAP actions on the amplitude of neurally-evoked contractions of the oviducts are similar to those of proctolin, however, the oviducts are more sensitive to CCAP. No CCAP-like immunoreactive structures were discovered in the nerves innervating the oviducts, or on the oviducts themselves, confirming the previously published suggestion (Dircksen et al., 1991) that CCAP acts as a neurohormone at the oviducts. Cells showing CCAP-like immunoreactivity were discovered in the fat body associated with the oviducts and represent a potential source of CCAP, along with CCAP released from the transverse nerve and perivisceral organs.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Insect Physiology
          Journal of Insect Physiology
          Elsevier BV
          00221910
          March 2001
          March 2001
          : 47
          : 3
          : 277-285
          Article
          11119773
          © 2001

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