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      The β3 Integrin Antagonist m7E3 Reduces Matrix Metalloproteinase Activity and Smooth Muscle Cell Migration

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          Treatment with c7E3 (abciximab, ReoPro) has been associated with a reduction in coronary events and the need for revascularization. Some of these beneficial effects may be due to blockade of the αvβ3 integrin receptor on smooth muscle cells (SMCs), however very little is known about the mechanisms involved. The current studies were designed to test the hypothesis that β3 integrin antagonists inhibit the arterial response to injury by reducing matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity in the vessel wall. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with daily intraperitoneal injections of the monoclonal antibody m7E3 at a dose of 6 mg/kg/day. MMP-9 activity was reduced by 73%, and MMP-2 activity by 75%, in the injured carotids of the m7E3-treated rats compared to saline-treated controls. By contrast, tissue inhibitor metalloproteinase (TIMP) activity was not changed. SMC migration assayed at 4 days after injury was reduced from 56.7 ± 14 cells/mm<sup>2</sup> intimal surface area in controls to 17.5 ± 5 cells/mm<sup>2</sup> in m7E3-treated rats (p = 0.02). Medial cell replication measured at 4 days and intimal cell replication measured at 7 days were not affected. Intimal cross-sectional area, measured 14 days after injury was reduced by 28% after m7E3 treatment (p = 0.05). Intimal smooth muscle cell number and the ratio of intima/media cross-section area were also reduced. By contrast, intimal SMC density was not affected by m7E3 treatment, indicating no effect on matrix accumulation. We conclude that treatment with m7E3 reduced SMC migration following vascular injury, possibly via an inhibitory effect on MMP activity, and this resulted in a decrease in intimal size at 14 days after injury.

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          Integrin αvβ3 antagonists promote tumor regression by inducing apoptosis of angiogenic blood vessels

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            Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor blockade and low-dose heparin during percutaneous coronary revascularization.

            Blockade of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor with abciximab (a monoclonal-antibody Fab fragment directed against the receptor) has been shown to diminish ischemic complications among patients undergoing high-risk coronary angioplasty or directional atherectomy but increases bleeding complications. The widespread applicability of this treatment is unknown, particularly in view of the observed risk of hemorrhage. In a prospective, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned patients undergoing urgent or elective percutaneous coronary revascularization at 69 centers to receive abciximab with standard-dose, weight-adjusted heparin (initial bolus of 100 U per kilogram of body weight); abciximab with low-dose, weight-adjusted heparin (initial bolus of 70 U per kilogram); or placebo with standard-dose, weight-adjusted heparin. The primary efficacy end point was death from any cause, myocardial infarction, or urgent revascularization within 30 days of randomization. The trial was terminated at the first interim analysis, with 2792 of the planned 4800 patients enrolled. At 30 days, the composite event rate was 11.7 percent in the group assigned to placebo with standard-dose heparin; 5.2 percent in the group assigned to abciximab with low-dose heparin (hazard ratio, 0.43; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.30 to 0.60; P<0.001); and 5.4 percent in the group assigned to abciximab with standard-dose heparin (hazard ratio, 0.45; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.32 to 0.63; P<0.001). There were no significant differences among the groups in the risk of major bleeding, although minor bleeding was more frequent among patients receiving abciximab with standard-dose heparin. Inhibition of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor with abciximab, together with low-dose, weight-adjusted heparin, markedly reduces the risk of acute ischemic complications in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularization, without increasing the risk of hemorrhage.
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              Localization of Matrix Metalloproteinase MMP-2 to the Surface of Invasive Cells by Interaction with Integrin αvβ3


                Author and article information

                J Vasc Res
                Journal of Vascular Research
                S. Karger AG
                December 2001
                07 December 2001
                : 38
                : 6
                : 590-599
                aDepartments of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology and Medicine, University of Toronto, Ont., Canada and bCentocor Inc., Malvern, Pa., USA
                51095 J Vasc Res 2001;38:590–599
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 2, References: 45, Pages: 10
                Research Paper


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