Reconstruction of a diseased common carotid artery may necessitate direct repair via aortic artery-based revascularization. However, carotid-carotid artery crossover grafting is an alternative extra-anatomic option that obviates the need for median sternotomy. We analyzed our results with carotid-carotid artery crossover bypass surgery. Data were analyzed for all patients undergoing carotid-carotid crossover bypass surgery from 1995 to 2000. Data on patient demographics, indications for surgery, perioperative morbidity and mortality, and graft patency were retrieved from a vascular surgery data base and hospital records. Stroke-free survival and graft patency were determined with life table methods. Over 5 years, 24 carotid-carotid artery crossover bypass procedures were performed to treat both symptomatic (n = 19, 79%) and asymptomatic (n = 5, 17%) disease. Nine procedures (38%) were performed in men, 3 (13%) in patients with diabetes, 12 (50%) in active smokers, and 2 in patients with a history of Takayasu arteritis. Patient mean age was 63 years (range, 38-79 years). Twenty-three patients (96%) received polytetrafluoroethylene conduit grafts, and the remaining patients received vein grafts. Ten (42%) patients underwent concomitant endarterectomy. There were no perioperative deaths. One patient (4%) had asymptomatic early occlusion, one had transient neurologic deficit (4%), one (4%) required additional surgery because of bleeding, and one (4%) had a perioperative cerebrovascular accident (stroke). Three (17%) asymptomatic late occlusions were identified at 11, 57, and 64 months, respectively. Mean follow-up was 30 months (range, 1-70 months). Primary patency was 88%, and secondary patency was 92% at 3 years. Stroke-free survival was 94% at 4 years. Carotid-carotid artery crossover bypass surgery is a safe and durable procedure. Its use precludes the need for median sternotomy and provides acceptable stroke-free survival.