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      Le syndrome d'apert

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          Abstract

          Le syndrome d'Apert est une affection congénitale rare, caractérisée par une sténose cranio-faciale associée à une syndactylie des mains et des pieds. Sa prise en charge doit être précoce et multidisciplinaire. Sa gravité réside dans la coexistence de plusieurs malformations avec un risque d'hypertension intracrânienne chronique responsable d'une cécité et d'une débilité mentale. Les auteurs rapportent une nouvelle observation à travers laquelle ils illustrent les aspects cliniques et évolutifs ainsi que les difficultés thérapeutiques de cette affection.

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          Most cited references 14

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          Visceral anomalies in the Apert syndrome.

          We report on visceral anomalies found in 136 patients with Apert syndrome. Autopsies were only performed on 12 of these cases. Thus, the percentage of anomalies found in our patients should be considered a minimum estimate because of the possibility of clinically silent visceral anomalies, minor internal anomalies, and anatomic variations. Cardiovascular and genitourinary anomalies were found most commonly, occurring in 10% and 9.6%, respectively. As expected, complex and multiple cardiac anomalies were frequently associated with early death. Among genitourinary anomalies, hydronephrosis (3%) and cryptorchidism (4.5%, n = 66 males) occurred most commonly. In contrast, anomalies of the respiratory system (1.5%) and gastrointestinal anomalies (1.5%) occurred with lower frequency. The finding of a solid cartilaginous trachea is particularly important because no case was diagnosed during life but rather, only at autopsy. Because cardiovascular and genitourinary anomalies occur with significant frequency, they should be considered in the workup of all Apert newborn infants. We also recommend MRI study of the trachea in any infant with signs and symptoms of lower respiratory compromise.
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            Apert syndrome: analysis of associated brain malformations and conformational changes determined by surgical treatment.

            Apert Syndrome, also called acrocephalosyndactylia type 1, is characterized by craniostenosis with early fusion of sutures of the vault and/or cranial base, associated to mid-face hypoplasia, symmetric syndactylia of the hands and feet and other systemic malformations. CNS malformations and intracranial hypertension are frequently observed in these patients. Early surgical treatment aims to minimize the deleterious effects of intracranial hypertension. Fronto-orbital advancement, the usual surgical technique, increases the intracranial Volume and improves the disposition of encephalic structures previously deformed by a short skull. This study analyzes CNS alterations revealed by magnetic resonance in 18 patients presenting Apert Syndrome, and the conformational alterations in the encephalic structures after surgical treatment. The patients' age in February 2001 ranged from 14 to 322 Months (m=107). Image study included brain magnetic resonance showing ventricular enlargement in five cases (27.8%), corpus callosum hypoplasia in five cases (27.8%), septum pellucidum hypoplasia in five cases (27.8%), cavum vergae in two cases (11.1%) and, arachnoid cyst in the posterior fossa in two cases (11.1%). Absence of CNS alterations was noted in 44.4% of cases. A corpus callosum morphologic index was established by dividing its height by its length, which revealed values that ranged from 0.4409 to 1.0237. The values of this index were correlated to the occurrence or absence of surgical treatment (p=0.012; t=2.83). Data analysis allowed the conclusion that the corpus callosum morphologic measure quantified the conformational alterations of the cerebral structures determined by the surgical treatment.
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              De I'acrocéphalosyndactylie

               ME Apert,  E Apert,  M Apert (1906)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Pan Afr Med J
                Pan Afr Med J
                PAMJ
                The Pan African Medical Journal
                The African Field Epidemiology Network
                1937-8688
                18 February 2013
                2013
                : 14
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Service de pédiatrie, Hôpital Mère - Enfant, CHU Hassan II - Fès, Maroc
                Author notes
                [& ]Corresponding author: Dr Sarra Benmiloud, Service de Pédiatrie, Hôpital Mère -Enfant, CHU Hassan II - Fès, 30000, Maroc
                Article
                PAMJ-14-66
                10.11604/pamj.2013.14.66.2178
                3617707
                23565313
                © Sarra Benmiloud et al.

                The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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