Multidisciplinary pain management is a useful method to treat chronic musculoskeletal pain. Few facilities in Japan administer a multidisciplinary pain management program, especially an inpatient program. Therefore, we implemented a multidisciplinary pain management program in our hospital based on biopsychosocial factors guided by the recommendations of the International Association for the Study of Pain. The purpose of this study is to describe our inpatient pain management program for Japanese patients, which uses the biopsychosocial method of pain self-management.
Fourteen patients with intractable chronic musculoskeletal pain, who were implemented a multidisciplinary pain management program in our hospital, were studied using the evaluation of the pain and associated factors and physical function.
Significant improvement in outcomes were seen in the brief pain inventory, the pain catastrophizing scale (rumination, magnification, and helplessness), the pain disability assessment scale, the hospital anxiety and depression scale (anxiety and depression), the pain self-efficacy questionnaire, the EuroQol five dimensions questionnaire, and muscle endurance and physical fitness. We found no statistically significant differences in static flexibility or walking ability.
We developed an inpatient chronic pain management program for Japanese patients. Our results suggest that our program improves chronic musculoskeletal pain coping mechanisms, and that the program can improve patients’ quality of life and some physical function. This inpatient pain management program is being expanded to better help intractable chronic musculoskeletal pain patients.