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      Occurrence of the millipede genus Tonkinosoma Jeekel, 1953 in China, with the description of the first presumed troglobitic species of this genus (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae)

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      ZooKeys

      Pensoft Publishers

      Guangxi, Guizhou, key, new record, new species, Tonkinosoma, troglobite

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          The genus Tonkinosoma Jeekel, 1953 has hitherto been known to contain only two species, both from northern Vietnam. T. flexipes Jeekel, 1953, the type species of the genus, is recorded from Guangxi, southern China, for the first time. T. tiani sp. n., a presumed troglobite, is described from caves in Guizhou, southwestern China. A key is presented to all three species of the genus.

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          Most cited references 10

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          Cave Diplopoda of southern China with reference to millipede diversity in Southeast Asia

          Abstract The diversity of Diplopoda in caves of southern China is remarkably high, often 5–6 species per cave, consisting mostly of local endemics and presumed troglobionts. These are evidently biased to just a few lineages, mainly members of the orders Chordeumatida and Callipodida , the families Cambalopsidae ( Spirostreptida ) and Haplodesmidae ( Polydesmida ) or the genera Pacidesmus , Epanerchodus and Glenniea (all Polydesmida , Polydesmidae ), Trichopeltis ( Polydesmida , Cryptodesmidae ), Dexmoxytes ( Polydesmida , Paradoxosomatidae ) and Hyleoglomeris ( Glomerida , Glomeridae ). All these taxa, especially the Paradoxosomatidae and Cambalopsidae (usually amounting to about 60% and 10% of the total species diversity in the Oriental fauna, respectively), are moderately to highly speciose across Southeast Asia, being largely epigean. However, the epigean Diplopoda of southern China are yet badly understudied, since much of the collecting and taxonomic exploration efforts still focus on cavernicoles. The Oriental Region is the only biogeographic realm globally that harbours all 16 orders of Diplopoda , of which 14 have already been encountered in China and/or the immediately adjacent parts of Indochina. Thus, China may actually prove to support no less than 1,000 millipede species of various origins, mainly Oriental and Palaearctic.
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            On some new or poorly-known species of the millipede family Polydesmidae from southern China (Diplopoda: Polydesmida).

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              On several new or poorly-known Oriental Paradoxosomatidae (Diplopoda: Polydesmida), XV.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                ZooKeys
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2018
                12 March 2018
                : 742
                : 23-34
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University, 483 Wushanlu, Guangzhou 510642, China
                [2 ] Institute for Problems of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky pr. 33, Moscow 119071, Russia
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Weixin Liu ( da2000wei@ 123456163.com )

                Academic editor: R. Mesibov

                Article
                10.3897/zookeys.742.23471
                5904496
                Weixin Liu, Sergei Golovatch

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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                Research Article

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