0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Bioavailability of Oral Melatonin in Humans

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          We administered crystalline melatonin (80 mg) in gelatin capsules to 5 young male volunteers and measured serum and urinary melatonin levels at intervals. Changes in serum melatonin levels were best described by a biexponential equation with an absorption constant (k<sub>a</sub>) of 1.72 h<sup>-1</sup> (half-life = 0.40 h) and an elimination constant (k<sub>el</sub>) of 0.87 h<sup>-1</sup> (half-life = 0.80 h). Peak serum melatonin levels, ranging from 350 to 10,000 times those occurring physiologically at nighttime, were observed 60–150 min after its administration, remaining stable for approximately 1.5 h. The fraction of ingested melatonin that was absorbed, estimated from the area under the curve describing serum melatonin concentrations as a function of time after melatonin administration (the concentration-time curve), varied by 25-fold among subjects. 3 additional volunteers received three melatonin-containing capsules (80 mg each) at 60-min intervals. This regimen extended the duration of elevated serum melatonin levels to 4–6 h. Melatonin excretion closely paralleled serum melatonin levels until 9 h after the hormone’s administration, after which urinary levels tended to be higher than those predicted from serum levels. However, the area under the concentration-time curve for serum melatonin correlated well (r = 0.96) with the cumulative melatonin excretion during the initial 15 h after melatonin’s administration, indicating that either approach can be used to estimate the absorption of orally administered melatonin.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1984
          1984
          28 March 2008
          : 39
          : 4
          : 307-313
          Affiliations
          Laboratory of Neuroendocrine Regulation, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., USA
          Article
          123997 Neuroendocrinology 1984;39:307–313
          10.1159/000123997
          6493445
          © 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article