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      High Broad‐Band Photoresponsivity of Mechanically Formed InSe–Graphene van der Waals Heterostructures

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          High broad‐band photoresponsivity of mechanically formed InSe–graphene van der Waals heterostructures is achieved by exploiting the broad‐band transparency of graphene, the direct bandgap of InSe, and the favorable band line up of InSe with graphene. The photoresponsivity exceeds that for other van der Waals heterostructures and the spectral response extends from the near‐infrared to the visible spectrum.

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          Most cited references 17

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          Rapid planetesimal formation in turbulent circumstellar discs

          The initial stages of planet formation in circumstellar gas discs proceed via dust grains that collide and build up larger and larger bodies (Safronov 1969). How this process continues from metre-sized boulders to kilometre-scale planetesimals is a major unsolved problem (Dominik et al. 2007): boulders stick together poorly (Benz 2000), and spiral into the protostar in a few hundred orbits due to a head wind from the slower rotating gas (Weidenschilling 1977). Gravitational collapse of the solid component has been suggested to overcome this barrier (Safronov 1969, Goldreich & Ward 1973, Youdin & Shu 2002). Even low levels of turbulence, however, inhibit sedimentation of solids to a sufficiently dense midplane layer (Weidenschilling & Cuzzi 1993, Dominik et al. 2007), but turbulence must be present to explain observed gas accretion in protostellar discs (Hartmann 1998). Here we report the discovery of efficient gravitational collapse of boulders in locally overdense regions in the midplane. The boulders concentrate initially in transient high pressures in the turbulent gas (Johansen, Klahr, & Henning 2006), and these concentrations are augmented a further order of magnitude by a streaming instability (Youdin & Goodman 2005, Johansen, Henning, & Klahr 2006, Johansen & Youdin 2007) driven by the relative flow of gas and solids. We find that gravitationally bound clusters form with masses comparable to dwarf planets and containing a distribution of boulder sizes. Gravitational collapse happens much faster than radial drift, offering a possible path to planetesimal formation in accreting circumstellar discs.
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            Simple analytical expression for the peak-frequency shifts of plasmonic resonances for sensing

            We derive a closed-form expression that accurately predicts the peak frequency-shift and broadening induced by tiny perturbations of plasmonic nanoresonators without critically relying on repeated electrodynamic simulations of the spectral response of nanoresonator for various locations, sizes or shapes of the perturbing objects. The force of the present approach, in comparison with other approaches of the same kind, is that the derivation is supported by a mathematical formalism based on a rigorous normalization of the resonance modes of nanoresonators consisting of lossy and dispersive materials. Accordingly, accurate predictions are obtained for a large range of nanoparticle shapes and sizes, used in various plasmonic nanosensors, even beyond the quasistatic limit. The expression gives quantitative insight, and combined with an open-source code, provides accurate and fast predictions that are ideally suited for preliminary designs or for interpretation of experimental data. It is also valid for photonic resonators with large mode volumes.
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              Probing quantum confinement within single core-multishell nanowires

              Theoretically core-multishell nanowires under a cross-section of hexagonal geometry should exhibit peculiar confinement effects. Using a hard X-ray nanobeam, here we show experimental evidence for carrier localization phenomena at the hexagon corners by combining synchrotron excited optical luminescence with simultaneous X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. Applied to single coaxial n-GaN/InGaN multiquantum-well/p-GaN nanowires, our experiment narrows the gap between optical microscopy and high-resolution X-ray imaging, and calls for further studies on the underlying mechanisms of optoelectronic nanodevices.

                Author and article information

                Adv Mater
                Adv. Mater. Weinheim
                Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)
                John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
                15 May 2015
                July 2015
                : 27
                : 25 ( doiID: 10.1002/adma.v27.25 )
                : 3760-3766
                [ 1 ] School of Physics and AstronomyThe University of Nottingham Nottingham NG7 2RDUK
                [ 2 ] School of Physics & AstronomyUniversity of Manchester Oxford Road Manchester M13 9PLUK
                [ 3 ] Institute for Problems of Materials ScienceThe National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Chernivtsi 58001Ukraine
                [ 4 ]Institute of Microelectronics Technology RAS Chernogolovka 142432Russia
                [ 5 ] Department of PhysicsUniversity of Warwick Coventry CV4 7ALUK
                Author notes
                © 2015 The Authors. Published by WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

                This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Pages: 7
                Custom metadata
                July 1, 2015
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_NLMPMC version:4.7.6 mode:remove_FC converted:17.02.2016

                Materials science

                indium selenide, graphene, photoconductivity, van der waals crystals


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