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      Integrated Palm Oil and Livestock Farming Enhances Productivity in Central Kalimantan

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      BIO Web of Conferences
      EDP Sciences

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          Abstract

          This study, conducted in Kotawaringin Barat and Lamandau Districts of Central Kalimantan, aimed to investigate the patterns and implications of integrating oil palm cultivation with livestock farming. Utilizing qualitative research methods, including interviews and direct observations, three distinct integration patterns were identified: integrated (33.33%), semi-integrated (66.67%), and semi-integrated partnership (8.33%). The integrated pattern encompasses a closed-cycle system involving oil palm cultivation, cattle raising, complete feed processing, and organic fertilizer production. In contrast, the semi-integrated pattern harnesses only solid palm oil by-products for cattle feed and fertilizer blends, while the semi-integrated partnership involves collaborations between private palm oil entities and farmer groups, facilitating cattle and feed support. Remarkably, the application of produced organic fertilizer increased palm oil productivity by approximately 25% and yielded a benefit-cost (R/C) ratio of 4.0 for horticultural crops. Monthly organic fertilizer production ranged between 1-20 tons, with distribution across palm oil (33.3%), horticultural crops (8.3%), and other crops (58.3%). Additionally, liquid organic fertilizer production spanned 1000-4000 liters/month. The integrated approach, rooted in the palm oil sector, has led to the emergence of sustainable commercial units that bolster economic growth. Given its eco-friendly and popular adoption, formal legal backing from local authorities and further engagement between palm oil enterprises and farmer groups is recommended to ensure longevity and broader implementation.

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          FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI ADOPSI INOVASI PERTANIAN PADA GAPOKTAN PUAP DAN NON PUAP DI KALIMANTAN BARAT (STUDI KASUS: KABUPATEN PONTIANAK DAN LANDAK)

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            The Effect of Self-Concept and Self-Confidence on Students' Interpersonal Communication of Buddhist College

            The research is driven by communication phenomena in order to define the goals to be achieved related to the students’ interpersonal communication improvement skills of STIAB Jinarakkhita, which are influenced by self-concept and self-confidence. Self-concept and self-confidence play an important role in fostering communication skills between individuals and groups. The approach used is quantitative-descriptive, with a population of 148 students and a sample of 108. The analysis was carried out to see the effect of self-concept and self-confidence on student interpersonal communication. The data is obtained randomly to ensure the accuracy of the test. The results obtained are based on statistical testing of the coefficient of determination (R Square) of self-concept on interpersonal communication, which has a value of 90.9%; for the variable confidence in interpersonal communication, it has an effect of 23.4%; and for the variables self-concept and confidence in interpersonal communication, the value of the determination coefficient (R square) is 91.2%. The conclusions obtained based on the test show that students' interpersonal communication skills are influenced by self-concept and self-confidence. The results of testing the data obtained support the hypothesis of the two independent variables that affect interpersonal communication in STIAB Jinarakkhita Lampung students.
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              DUKUNGAN PUPUK ORGANIK UNTUK MEMPERBAIKI KUALITAS TANAH PADA PENGELOLAAN PADI SAWAH RAMAH LINGKUNGAN

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                BIO Web of Conferences
                BIO Web Conf.
                EDP Sciences
                2117-4458
                2023
                October 16 2023
                2023
                : 69
                : 04022
                Article
                10.1051/bioconf/20236904022
                4b7e0a92-4509-4589-adec-72e96774ee3e
                © 2023

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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