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      Coping Strategies to Enhance the Mental Wellbeing of Sexual and Gender Minority Youths: A Scoping Review.

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          Abstract

          Robust population-based research has established that sexual and gender minority youths (SGMYs) are at an increased risk of mental ill-health, but there is a dearth of literature that seeks to explore how to best support SGMY mental wellbeing. This scoping review aims to identify findings related to coping strategies and/or interventions for building resilience and/or enhancing the mental wellbeing of SGMYs. PRISMA extension for scoping review (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines was utilized for this review. Studies were included if they were peer-reviewed papers containing primary data; reported psycho-social coping strategies for SGMY; were conducted with SGMYs in the adolescent age range; and were published in English. MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases were searched. Of the 3692 papers initially identified, 68 papers were included with 24 intervention-focused studies of 17 unique interventions found. The most commonly cited therapeutic modality was cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) (n = 11 studies). Despite the need to support the mental wellbeing of SGMYs, few interventions focused on this area and unique populations have been reported upon in the peer-reviewed literature. As a result, there is considerable potential to develop supports for SGMYs.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Int J Environ Res Public Health
          International journal of environmental research and public health
          MDPI AG
          1660-4601
          1660-4601
          Jul 18 2022
          : 19
          : 14
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Health and Social Care, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK.
          [2 ] Department of Psychology, King's College London, London SE5 8AF, UK.
          [3 ] Department of Psychology, Sport and Geography, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK.
          Article
          ijerph19148738
          10.3390/ijerph19148738
          9319075
          35886595
          4b8d5f81-5ae9-475d-9045-44d6f2224b2d
          History

          scoping review,youth,sexuality,resilience,online,gender,e-therapy,depression,adolescent,LGBT

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