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      Insect galls and associated fauna in two areas of Cerrado sensu stricto in the State of Bahia, Brazil


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          Abstract This study inventoried and characterized the richness of galling insects based on gall morphotypes and their host plants in two Cerrado sensu stricto areas of Caetité municipality in Bahia State, Brazil, to aid the identification of galling insects and their host plants, as well as to contribute to the knowledge and conservation of local biodiversity. The survey was conducted in the Moita dos Porcos archaeological site and João Barroca Farm site, adopting the random walking methodology for sampling, during 12 months. We recorded 98 gall morphotypes on 42 plant species belonging to 36 genera and 22 families. Leguminosae, Malpighiaceae and Myrtaceae demonstrated the greatest richness of galls, and the Copaifera langsdorffii was the super-host species, with 16 gall morphotypes. Most galls occur on leaves, and may be globoid, glabrous, grouped, and are usually unilocular, and brown. The galling insects identified belonged to Coleoptera, Diptera, Lepidoptera, and Thysanoptera. Eight plant host species and eight gall morphotypes were recorded for the first time in Cerrado areas in Brazil. The areas surveyed demonstrated high richness of gall morphotypes and host plants, evidencing the importance of studying and preserving different areas of the same biome.

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          Most cited references72

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          Köppen's climate classification map for Brazil

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            An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV

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              Is Open Access

              Brazilian Flora 2020: Innovation and collaboration to meet Target 1 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC)

              Abstract The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) was established by the Conference of Parties in 2002 to decrease the loss of plant diversity, reduce poverty and contribute to sustainable development. To achieve this overarching goal, the GSPC has established a series of targets, one of which is to ensure that plant diversity is well understood, so that it can be effectively conserved and used in a sustainable manner. Brazil hosts more than 46,000 species of plants, algae and fungi, representing one of the most biodiverse countries on Earth, and playing a key role in the GSPC. To meet the GSPC goals of Target 1 and facilitate access to plant diversity, Brazil committed to preparing the List of Species of the Brazilian Flora (2008-2015) and the Brazilian Flora 2020 (2016-present). Managing all the information associated with such great biodiversity has proven to be an extremely challenging task. Here, we synthesize the history of these projects, focusing on the multidisciplinary and collaborative approach adopted to develop and manage the inclusion of all the knowledge generated though digital information systems. We further describe the methods used, challenges faced, and strategies adopted, as well as summarize advances to date and prospects for completing the Brazilian flora in 2020.

                Author and article information

                Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
                An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc.
                Academia Brasileira de Ciências (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil )
                : 93
                : suppl 3
                : e20201442
                [4] Rio de Janeiro RJ orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro/UFRJ orgdiv1Departamento de Entomologia Brazil
                [2] Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais orgnameUniversidade Federal de Minas Gerais orgdiv1Programa de Pós-graduação em Biologia Vegetal Brazil
                [1] Paulo Afonso Bahia orgnameUniversidade do Estado da Bahia orgdiv1Programa de Pós-graduação em Biodiversidade Vegetal Brazil
                [3] Caetité Bahia orgnameUniversidade do Estado da Bahia orgdiv1Departamento de Ciências Humanas - DCH Brazil
                S0001-37652021000601011 S0001-3765(21)09300001011

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                : 08 September 2020
                : 16 February 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 72, Pages: 0

                SciELO Brazil


                savanna,Malpighiaceae,gall morphotypes,Copaifera galls
                savanna, Malpighiaceae, gall morphotypes, Copaifera galls


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