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      The effect of edaphic factors on the distribution and abundance of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Iran

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          Abstract

          The current study is aimed at investigating the effect of edaphic factors on the distribution and abundance of ants in different habitats of the central areas of Iran, while considering the vegetation. During 2018 to 2019, 20 stations from four habitats, including deserts, mountainous and submontane, plains and rural areas and urban areas, were selected. In general, a total of 311 sample units were collected from all the stations, out of which, 32 species belonging to 13 genera, nine tribes and three subfamilies were identified. The biological distribution and abundance of species were argued by computing the physical and chemical parameters of the soil, such as salinity, pH, total nitrogen, organic carbon, calcium and vegetation. The present study has demonstrated that the calcium content significantly affects the species richness of ants, although the impact of this element on various genera is different. We found that increasing in the abundance and richness of plant species has a positive impact on the abundance and richness of ants. Our results also show that some genera are meaningfully adaptable to a variety of habitats. In Kahak station, which is an urban habitat, with enormous diversity, 14 species were found, while in Sadrabad Historic Karvansara, a desert habitat, only Cataglyphis lividus (André, 1881) was collected. Cataglyphis bellicosus (Karavaiev, 1924), as the most abundant species, collected from 12 stations, was the most dominant species.

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          Most cited references 67

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          A Classification of Australian Ant Communities, Based on Functional Groups Which Parallel Plant Life-Forms in Relation to Stress and Disturbance

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            Ant biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem functioning: a review

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              Climatic drivers of hemispheric asymmetry in global patterns of ant species richness.

              Although many taxa show a latitudinal gradient in richness, the relationship between latitude and species richness is often asymmetrical between the northern and southern hemispheres. Here we examine the latitudinal pattern of species richness across 1003 local ant assemblages. We find latitudinal asymmetry, with southern hemisphere sites being more diverse than northern hemisphere sites. Most of this asymmetry could be explained statistically by differences in contemporary climate. Local ant species richness was positively associated with temperature, but negatively (although weakly) associated with temperature range and precipitation. After contemporary climate was accounted for, a modest difference in diversity between hemispheres persisted, suggesting that factors other than contemporary climate contributed to the hemispherical asymmetry. The most parsimonious explanation for this remaining asymmetry is that greater climate change since the Eocene in the northern than in the southern hemisphere has led to more extinctions in the northern hemisphere with consequent effects on local ant species richness.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2021
                15 January 2021
                : 9
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran (mrmohseni1992@gmail.com), Postal address: Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Daneshgah Blvd, Simon Bulivar Blvd, Tehran, Iran, Post Code: 1477893855 ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2996-2601, Tehran, Iran Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran (mrmohseni1992@gmail.com), Postal address: Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Daneshgah Blvd, Simon Bulivar Blvd, Tehran, Iran, Post Code: 1477893855 ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2996-2601 Tehran Iran
                [2 ] Department of Animal Science and Marine biology, Faculty of Life Science & Biotechnology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran (sp2191@gmail.com), Postal address: Shahid Beheshti University, Velenjak, Tehran, Iran, Postal code: 1983969411 ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9387-3166, Tehran, Iran Department of Animal Science and Marine biology, Faculty of Life Science & Biotechnology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran (sp2191@gmail.com), Postal address: Shahid Beheshti University, Velenjak, Tehran, Iran, Postal code: 1983969411 ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9387-3166 Tehran Iran
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Shahrokh Pashaei Rad ( sp2191@ 123456gmail.com ).

                Academic editor: Francisco Hita Garcia

                Article
                54843 14015
                10.3897/BDJ.9.e54843
                7822805
                Mohammad Reza Mohseni, Shahrokh Pashaei Rad

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 9, Tables: 2, References: 68
                Funding
                This research did not receive any grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
                Categories
                Research Article

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