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      Optimization of Parameters for Electrospinning of Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibers by the Taguchi Method

      , 1 , * , 2

      International Polymer Processing

      Carl Hanser Verlag

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          Abstract

          This study empirically examined the influences of electrospinning process factors (applied voltage, feed rate of the polymer solution and tip-to-collector distance) and the polymer solution concentration on the diameters of electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers. To examine this, the polymer solution concentration, applied voltage, feed rate of the polymer solution and tip-to-collector distance were specified as parameters with four levels. In order to optimize these parameters, Taguchi's L 16 orthogonal design (4 parameters, 4 levels) was applied to the experiential design. In order to describe the optimum production conditions for electrospun PAN nanofibers, the signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio was used, which was calculated from the diameters of electrospun PAN nanofibers using the “smaller-the-better” approach. By using the S/N ratio response results, the most influential parameter determining the nanofiber diameter was identified as the polymer solution concentration. The nanofiber diameter at the optimum conditions was 163.6 nm. In addition, homogeneous nanofibers with no observed beads were obtained by means of the newly designed adjustable rotary plate collector. In conclusion, the Taguchi technique was seen to be an efficient technique to optimise the crucial electrospinning process factors used in nanofiber production.

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          Most cited references 22

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          Electrospinning of uniform polystyrene fibers: The effect of solvent conductivity

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            Studies on the controlled morphology and wettability of polystyrene surfaces by electrospinning or electrospraying

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              Fabrication and characterization of a boehmite nanoparticle impregnated electrospun fiber membrane for removal of metal ions

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ipp
                International Polymer Processing
                Carl Hanser Verlag
                0930-777X
                2195-8602
                11 August 2017
                : 32
                : 4
                : 508-514
                Affiliations
                1 Faculty of Engineering, Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Turkey
                2 Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Selcuk University, Turkey
                Author notes
                [* ] Correspondence address, Mail address: Gamze Karanfil Celep, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman, 70100, Turkey, E-mail: gamzekaranfil86@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                IPP3411
                10.3139/217.3411
                © 2017, Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich
                Page count
                References: 22, Pages: 7
                Product
                Self URI (journal page): http://www.hanser-elibrary.com/loi/ipp
                Categories
                Regular Contributed Articles

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