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      Generation of a macroscopic entangled coherent state using quantum memories in circuit QED

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          Abstract

          \(W\)-type entangled states can be used as quantum channels for, e.g., quantum teleportation, quantum dense coding, and quantum key distribution. In this work, we propose a way to generate a macroscopic \(W\)-type entangled coherent state using quantum memories in circuit QED. The memories considered here are nitrogen-vacancy center ensembles (NVEs), each located in a different cavity. This proposal does not require initially preparing each NVE in a coherent state instead of a ground state, which should significantly reduce its experimental difficulty. For most of the operation time, each cavity remains in a vacuum state, thus decoherence caused by the cavity decay and the unwanted inter-cavity crosstalk are greatly suppressed. Moreover, only one external-cavity coupler qubit is needed. This method is quite general and can be applied to generate the proposed \(W\) state with atomic ensembles or other spin ensembles distributed in different cavities.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          2014-11-12
          2016-03-12
          1411.3102

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

          Custom metadata
          48 pages, 6 figures
          quant-ph

          Quantum physics & Field theory

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