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      Interprofessional teamwork and team interventions in chronic care: A systematic review.

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          Abstract

          To identify key features of teamwork and interventions for enhancing interprofessional teamwork (IPT) in chronic care and to develop a framework for further research, we conducted a systematic literature review of IPT in chronic care for the years 2002-2014. Database searches yielded 3217 abstracts, 21 of which fulfilled inclusion criteria. We identified two more studies on the topic by scanning the reference lists of included articles, which resulted in a final total of 23 included studies. The key features identified in the articles (e.g., team member characteristics, common task, communication, cooperation, coordination, responsibility, participation, staff satisfaction, patient satisfaction, and efficiency) were structured in line with the input-process-output model, and evaluated interventions, such as tools, workshops, and changes in team structure, were added to the model. The most frequently evaluated team interventions were complex intervention programs. All but one of the 14 evaluation studies resulted in enhancement of teamwork and/or staff-related, patient-related, and organization-related outcome criteria. To date, there is no consensus about the main features of IPT and the most effective team interventions in chronic care. However, the findings may be used to standardize the implementation and evaluation of IPT and team interventions in practice and for further research.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Interprof Care
          Journal of interprofessional care
          Informa UK Limited
          1469-9567
          1356-1820
          2016
          : 30
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] a Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Medical Faculty , University of Freiburg , Freiburg , Germany.
          [2 ] b Department of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology , University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf , Hamburg , Germany.
          [3 ] c Saarland University of Cooperative Education in Health Care and Welfare , Saarbrücken , Germany.
          [4 ] d Moving Concept , Freiburg , Germany.
          [5 ] e Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Psychotherapy , Institute of Psychology , Freiburg , Germany.
          Article
          10.3109/13561820.2015.1051616
          26709985
          4c1b39ea-d325-44fc-b3e6-43c3ad6af1d7
          History

          interprofessional team,rehabilitation,review,teamwork,Chronic care

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