Mónica Gorbe 1 , 2 , Ravishankar Bhat 3 , 4 , Elena Aznar 1 , 2 , Félix Sancenón 1 , 2 , 5 , M. Dolores Marcos 1 , 2 , 5 , F. Javier Herraiz 6 , Jaime Prohens 6 , Abbaraju Venkataraman 3 , Ramón Martínez-Máñez 1 , 2 , 5 , *
28 April 2016
Within nanotechnology, gold and silver nanostructures have unique physical, chemical, and electronic properties [ 1, 2], which make them suitable for a number of applications. Moreover, biosynthetic methods are considered to be a safer alternative to conventional physicochemical procedures for both the environmental and biomedical applications, due to their eco-friendly nature and the avoidance of toxic chemicals in the synthesis. For this reason, employing bio routes in the synthesis of functionalized silver nanoparticles (FAgNP) have gained importance recently in this field. In the present study, we report the rapid synthesis of FAgNP through the extract of pepino ( Solanum muricatum) leaves and employing microwave oven irradiation. The core-shell globular morphology and characterization of the different shaped and sized FAgNP, with a core of 20–50 nm of diameter is established using the UV-Visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Zeta potential and dynamic light scanning (DLS) studies. Moreover, cytotoxic studies employing HeLa (human cervix carcinoma) cells were undertaken to understand FAgNP interactions with cells. HeLa cells showed significant dose dependent antiproliferative activity in the presence of FAgNP at relatively low concentrations. The calculated IC 50 value was 37.5 µg/mL, similar to others obtained for FAgNPs against HeLa cells.