In this research, we will explore the role and modulation of mitochondrial dynamics in diabetes vascular remodeling. Only a few cell types express the pattern recognition receptor, also known as the AGE receptor (RAGE). However, it is triggered in almost all of the cells that have been investigated thus far by events that are known to cause inflammation. Here, Type 2 diabetes was studied in both cellular and animal models. Elevated Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), phosphorylated JAK2 (p-JAK2), phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3), transient receptor potential ion channels (TRPM), and phosphorylated dynamin-related protein 1 (p-DRP1) were observed in the context of diabetes. In addition, we found that inhibition of RAGE was followed by a remarkable decrease in the expression of the above proteins. It has also been demonstrated by western blotting and immunofluorescence results in vivo and in vitro. Suppressing STAT3 and DRP1 phosphorylation produced effects similar to those of RAGE inhibition on the proliferation, cell cycle, migration, invasion, and expression of TRPM in VSMCs and vascular tissues obtained from diabetic animals. These findings indicate that RAGE regulates vascular remodeling via mitochondrial dynamics through modulating the JAK2/STAT3 axis in diabetes. The findings could be crucial in gaining a better understanding of diabetes-related vascular remodeling. It also contributes to a better cytopathological understanding of diabetic vascular disease and provides a theoretical foundation for novel targets that aid in the prevention and treatment of diabetes-related cardiovascular problems.