The species of the genus Xenicotela Bates, 1884 are reviewed. One new species, Xenicotela mucheni sp. nov., is described from Yunnan, China. Monochamus binigricollis Breuning, 1965 and Monochamus villiersi Breuning, 1960 are transferred to Xenicotela as follows: Xenicotela villiersi (Breuning, 1960) comb. nov. and Xenicotela binigricollis (Breuning, 1965) comb. nov. Xenicotela distincta (Gahan, 1888) is newly reported from Myanmar and Xenicotela binigricollis is excluded from the fauna of China. All species are redescribed and illustrated. A key to the known Xenicotela species is provided.