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dbSNP: the NCBI database of genetic variation.

Nucleic Acids Research

United States, Animals, genetics, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, National Library of Medicine (U.S.), National Institutes of Health (U.S.), Internet, Information Services, Humans, Genetic Variation, Databases, Factual, Biotechnology

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      In response to a need for a general catalog of genome variation to address the large-scale sampling designs required by association studies, gene mapping and evolutionary biology, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) has established the dbSNP database [S.T.Sherry, M.Ward and K. Sirotkin (1999) Genome Res., 9, 677-679]. Submissions to dbSNP will be integrated with other sources of information at NCBI such as GenBank, PubMed, LocusLink and the Human Genome Project data. The complete contents of dbSNP are available to the public at website: The complete contents of dbSNP can also be downloaded in multiple formats via anonymous FTP at

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