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      Soliton states in mesoscopic two-band-superconducting cylinders

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          Abstract

          In the framework of the Ginzburg-Landau approach, we present a self-consistent theory of specific soliton states in mesoscopic (thin-walled) two-band-superconducting cylinders in external parallel magnetic fields. Such states arise in the presence of "Josephson-type" interband coupling, when phase winding numbers are different for each component of the superconducting order parameter. We evaluate the Gibbs free energy of the sysyem up to second-order terms in a certain dimensionless parameter \(\epsilon\approx\frac{\mathcal{L}_{m}}{\mathcal{L}_{k}}\ll1\), where \(\mathcal{L}_{m}\) and \(\mathcal{L}_{k} \) are the magnetic and kinetic inductance, respectively. We derive the complete set of exact soliton solutions. These solutions are thoroughly analyzed from the viewpoint of both local and global (thermodynamic) stability. In particular, we show that rotational-symmetry-breaking caused by the formation of solitons gives rise to a zero-frequency rotational mode. Although soliton states prove to be thermodynamically metastable, the minimal energy gap between the lowest-lying single-soliton states and thermodynamically stable zero-soliton states can be much smaller than the magnetic Gibbs free energy of the latter states, provided that intraband "penetration depths" differ substantially and interband coupling is weak. The results of our investigation may apply to a wide class of mesoscopic doubly-connected structures exhibiting two-band superconductivity.

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          Most cited references 5

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          Quantum meaning of classical field theory

           R. Jackiw (1977)
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            Interface energy of two band superconductors

            Using the Ginzburg-Landau theory for two-band superconductors, we determine the surface energy, sigma_s, between coexisting normal and superconducting states at the thermodynamic critical magnetic field. Close to the transition temperature, where the Ginzburg-Landau theory is applicable, we demonstrate that the two-band problem maps onto an effective single band problem. While the order parameters of the two bands may have different amplitudes in the homogeneous bulk, near the critical temperature the Josephson-like coupling between the bands leads to the same spatial dependence of both order parameters near the interface. This finding puts into question the possibility of intermediate, so called type-1.5 superconductivity, in the regime where the Ginzburg-Landau theory applies.
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              Static Solitons of the Sine-Gordon Equation and Equilibrium Vortex Structure in Josephson Junctions

              The problem of vortex structure in a single Josephson junction in an external magnetic field, in the absence of transport currents, is reconsidered from a new mathematical point of view. In particular, we derive a complete set of exact analytical solutions representing all the stationary points (minima and saddle-points) of the relevant Gibbs free-energy functional. The type of these solutions is determined by explicit evaluation of the second variation of the Gibbs free-energy functional. The stable (physical) solutions minimizing the Gibbs free-energy functional form an infinite set and are labelled by a topological number Nv=0,1,2,... Mathematically, they can be interpreted as nontrivial ''vacuum'' (Nv=0) and static topological solitons (Nv=1,2,...) of the sine-Gordon equation for the phase difference in a finite spatial interval: solutions of this kind were not considered in previous literature. Physically, they represent the Meissner state (Nv=0) and Josephson vortices (Nv=1,2,...). Major properties of the new physical solutions are thoroughly discussed. An exact, closed-form analytical expression for the Gibbs free energy is derived and analyzed numerically. Unstable (saddle-point) solutions are also classified and discussed.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                22 February 2011
                10.1063/1.3660216
                1102.4484

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                Low Temp. Phys. 37, 667 (2011)
                15 pages, 3 figures
                cond-mat.supr-con cond-mat.mes-hall

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