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      Resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences.

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          Abstract

          Theory indicates that resilient individuals "bounce back" from stressful experiences quickly and effectively. Few studies, however, have provided empirical evidence for this theory. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions (B. L. Fredrickson, 1998, 2001) is used as a framework for understanding psychological resilience. The authors used a multimethod approach in 3 studies to predict that resilient people use positive emotions to rebound from, and find positive meaning in, stressful encounters. Mediational analyses revealed that the experience of positive emotions contributed, in part, to participants' abilities to achieve efficient emotion regulation, demonstrated by accelerated cardiovascular recovery from negative emotional arousal (Studies 1 and 2) and by finding positive meaning in negative circumstances (Study 3). Implications for research on resilience and positive emotions are discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Pers Soc Psychol
          Journal of personality and social psychology
          American Psychological Association (APA)
          0022-3514
          0022-3514
          Feb 2004
          : 86
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467-3807, USA. tugade@bc.edu
          Article
          2004-10747-009 NIHMS90226
          10.1037/0022-3514.86.2.320
          3132556
          14769087
          4c96d723-7918-4418-8f6e-71a456b62fb4
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