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      Una reflexión teórica sobre estándares de áreas verdes empleados en la planeación urbana Translated title: Green space standards in urban planning: a theoretical reflection

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          Abstract

          Resumen: En esta investigación se realizó una reflexión teórica sobre el uso de estándares de superficie verde citadina empleados en la praxis de algunos modelos de planeación urbana; el trabajo pone de manifiesto que dichos estándares se recomiendan de manera generalizada con el objetivo de proporcionar bienestar a los citadinos, sin considerar que éste se puede definir según el paradigma de racionalidad en el modelo de planeación y sin especificar las necesidades a cubrir; se concluye que existen limitaciones teórico-prácticas en el empleo de dichos estándares de superficie verde en la planeación urbana.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract: This paper is a theoretical reflection of the use of urban green surface standards used in the praxis of different urban planning models. This article shows that these standards are generally recommended in order to provide welfare to urban dwellers without considering that welfare can be defined according to the rationality paradigm in the planning model, nor does it specify the needs to be covered. In conclusion, there are theoretical-practical limitations in the use of these green surface standards in urban planning.

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          Most cited references 46

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          Human Nature in Politics: The Dialogue of Psychology with Political Science

           Herbert Simon (1985)
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            The contingent valuation method: a review

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              Neighborhood green, social support, physical activity, and stress: assessing the cumulative impact.

              We estimate the cumulative stress mitigating impact of neighborhood greenness by investigating whether neighborhood green mitigates stress directly, and indirectly by encouraging physical activity and/or fostering social support. Using data from a recent community health survey in Chicago and two-stage instrumental variables regression modeling, we find that different components of neighborhood green play distinct roles in influencing stress. Park spaces are found to indirectly mitigate stress by fostering social support. Overall neighborhood vegetation is found to have direct stress mitigation impact, yet the impact is counteracted by its negative effect on social support. When comparing the effect size, park spaces show a more positive impact on health and well-being than the overall neighborhood vegetation level. Policy makers are recommended to focus on creating structured green spaces with public recreation and socialization opportunities rather than simply conserving green spaces in the neighborhood. Previous studies, as they often investigate the direct impact only and rarely use multiple measures of greenness, may have mis-estimated health benefits of neighborhood green. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                est
                Economía, sociedad y territorio
                Econ. soc. territ
                El Colegio Mexiquense A.C. (Toluca, Estado de México, Mexico )
                1405-8421
                2448-6183
                August 2017
                : 17
                : 54
                : 491-522
                Affiliations
                Ciudad de México orgnameUniversidad La Salle Mexico pinos42@ 123456hotmail.com
                Article
                S1405-84212017000200491
                10.22136/est002017682

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 101, Pages: 32
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