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      Pilates method and pain in pregnancy: a systematic review and metanalysis Translated title: Método Pilates e a dor na gestação: revisão sistemática e meta-análise

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The bodily changes resulting from pregnancy can culminate in adverse outcomes to maternal health, including pain, which may be related to postural changes, functional disabilities and impaired quality of life of pregnant women. Due to its effects, the Pilates Method can contribute to alleviate these problems, although its benefits are not a consensus in the literature. In this sense, the objective of this study was to systematically review in the literature the implications of the Pilates Method on pain in pregnant women. CONTENTS: Systematic review and metanalysis of randomized clinical trials conducted in the databases Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Medline, Web of Science, PEDro, LILACS and SciELO, where the descriptors “Pregnancy” and “Pilates Method” were used. Of the 105 articles found, five met the selection criteria for this study and two were included in the meta-analysis for the outcome pain. The Pilates Method group showed superiority for pain relief compared to the control group (CI95%: -2.24 - -1.13; I2: 12%). Additionally, the Pilates Method produced less progression of abdominal diastasis, decreased fatigue, maintained anthropometric and hemodynamic parameters, increased abdominal and pelvic floor strength, improved hamstring muscle flexibility, lumbar-pelvic stabilization, posture, functional capacity and quality of life of pregnant women. CONCLUSION: The Pilates method was superior to the minimum intervention for pain relief in pregnant women, in addition to improving physical conditions.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: As mudanças corporais oriundas da gestação podem culminar em desfechos adversos à saúde materna, incluindo a dor, que pode estar relacionada às alterações posturais, incapacidades funcionais e comprometimento da qualidade de vida das gestantes. Em virtude dos seus efeitos, o método Pilates pode contribuir para amenizar estes problemas, embora seus benefícios não sejam um consenso na literatura. Neste sentido, o objetivo deste estudo foi revisar sistematicamente na literatura as implicações do método Pilates na gestação. CONTEÚDO: Revisão sistemática e metanálise de ensaios clínicos randomizados realizada nas bases de dados Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Medline, Web of Science, PEDro, LILACS e Scielo, em que se utilizou os descritores “Pregnancy” e “Pilates Method”. Dos 105 artigos encontrados, cinco preencheram os critérios de seleção e dois foram incluídos na metanálise para o desfecho dor. O grupo método Pilates apresentou superioridade para alívio da dor em comparação ao grupo controle (IC95%: -2,24 - -1,13; I2: 12%). Adicionalmente, o método Pilates produziu menor progressão da diástase abdominal, diminuição da fadiga, manutenção dos parâmetros antropométricos e hemodinâmicos, aumento da força abdominal e do assoalho pélvico, melhora da flexibilidade dos músculos isquiotibiais, da estabilização lombo-pélvica, da postura, da capacidade funcional e da qualidade de vida das gestantes. CONCLUSÃO: O método Pilates foi superior à intervenção mínima para alívio da dor em gestantes, além de produzir melhora das condições físicas.

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          Most cited references39

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          Hypertension in pregnancy. Report of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ Task Force on Hypertension in Pregnancy.

          , (2013)
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            Obesity and pregnancy: mechanisms of short term and long term adverse consequences for mother and child

            Obesity is the most common medical condition in women of reproductive age. Obesity during pregnancy has short term and long term adverse consequences for both mother and child. Obesity causes problems with infertility, and in early gestation it causes spontaneous pregnancy loss and congenital anomalies. Metabolically, obese women have increased insulin resistance in early pregnancy, which becomes manifest clinically in late gestation as glucose intolerance and fetal overgrowth. At term, the risk of cesarean delivery and wound complications is increased. Postpartum, obese women have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism, depression, and difficulty with breast feeding. Because 50-60% of overweight or obese women gain more than recommended by Institute of Medicine gestational weight guidelines, postpartum weight retention increases future cardiometabolic risks and prepregnancy obesity in subsequent pregnancies. Neonates of obese women have increased body fat at birth, which increases the risk of childhood obesity. Although there is no unifying mechanism responsible for the adverse perinatal outcomes associated with maternal obesity, on the basis of the available data, increased prepregnancy maternal insulin resistance and accompanying hyperinsulinemia, inflammation, and oxidative stress seem to contribute to early placental and fetal dysfunction. We will review the pathophysiology underlying these data and try to shed light on the specific underlying mechanisms.
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              Principais itens para relatar Revisões sistemáticas e Meta-análises: A recomendação PRISMA

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                brjp
                BrJP
                BrJP
                Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
                2595-0118
                2595-3192
                September 2021
                : 4
                : 3
                : 276-282
                Affiliations
                [1] Passo Fundo Rio Grande do Sul orgnameUniversidade de Passo Fundo orgdiv1Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy Brazil
                Article
                S2595-31922021000300276 S2595-3192(21)00400300276
                10.5935/2595-0118.20210049
                4d3df35d-7a92-4d0f-b059-57569af757ca

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 39, Pages: 7
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Review Articles

                Exercise movement techniques,Técnicas de exercício e de movimento,Qualidade de vida,Gestantes,Fisioterapia,Dor,Quality of life,Physical therapy specialty,Pregnant women,Pain

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