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      Environmental Regulation, Foreign Direct Investment and Green Technological Progress—Evidence from Chinese Manufacturing Industries

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          Abstract

          This study examines the spillover effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) on green technology progress rate (as measured by the green total factor productivity). The analysis utilizes two measures of FDI, labor-based FDI and capital-based FDI, and separately investigates four sets of industry classifications—high/low discharge regulation and high/low emission standard regulation. The results indicate that in the low discharge regulation and low emission standard regulation industry, labor-based FDI has a significant negative spillover effect, and capital-based FDI has a significant positive spillover effect. However, in the high-intensity environmental regulation industry, the negative influence of labor-based FDI is completely restrained, and capital-based FDI continues to play a significant positive green technological spillover effects. These findings have clear policy implications: the government should be gradually reducing the labor-based FDI inflow or increasing stringency of environmental regulation in order to reduce or eliminate the negative spillover effect of the labor-based FDI.

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          Most cited references39

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          Toward a New Conception of the Environment-Competitiveness Relationship

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            Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?

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              Towards a dynamic theory of strategy

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                ijerph
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                MDPI
                1661-7827
                1660-4601
                29 January 2018
                February 2018
                : 15
                : 2
                Affiliations
                School of Economics and Management, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China; leisure@ 123456email.swu.edu.cn (J.H.); wz777@ 123456163.com (Z.W.); hqh@ 123456swu.edu.cn (Q.H.)
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: lianyh126@ 123456163.com ; Tel.: +86-177-8441-4921
                Article
                ijerph-15-00221
                10.3390/ijerph15020221
                5858290
                29382112
                4d5e0087-5954-47b4-b5e2-8dfc37c1a4f6
                © 2018 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                Categories
                Article

                Public health
                environmental regulation,fdi,green technological progress,spillover effect
                Public health
                environmental regulation, fdi, green technological progress, spillover effect

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