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      Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Trends and Related Factors in Australia

      a , b , c , c

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Coronary heart disease, Mortality, Risk factors, Trends

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          Abstract

          Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been the greatest single cause of mortality in Australia over the past 30 years. For most age and sex groups CHD mortality rates peaked in 1965–67. Since that time, rates have decreased by nearly 40% and are currently the lowest for 30 years. CHD mortality rates are highest in the eastern areas of Australia, among those who were born in Australia, and among lower socio-economic groups. Changes in CHD mortality have been accompanied by changes in life-style (particularly recent decreases in the prevalence of cigarette smoking, large reductions in tar content of cigarettes and a large change in preference for margarine over butter) and changes in treatment (especially in the control of hypertension and surgical interventions). Concurrent studies of the incidence and case fatality rates in two population centres (Perth and Newcastle) coupled with periodic surveys of changes in treatment and population risk factor levels are being undertaken over a 10-year period to try to understand the current and future trends in CHD mortality.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-4015-5
          978-3-318-01556-0
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1985
          1985
          11 November 2008
          : 72
          : 1-2
          : 23-28
          Affiliations
          aNew South Wales Department of Health; Faculties of bMathematics and cMedicine, University of Newcastle, Australia
          Article
          173837 Cardiology 1985;72:23–28
          10.1159/000173837
          3872171
          © 1985 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Changing Trends in Coronary Heart Disease Mortality. Possible Explanations

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