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      Phylogenetic composition and structure of tree communities shed light on historical processes influencing tropical rainforest diversity

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          Most cited references64

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          Picante: R tools for integrating phylogenies and ecology.

          Picante is a software package that provides a comprehensive set of tools for analyzing the phylogenetic and trait diversity of ecological communities. The package calculates phylogenetic diversity metrics, performs trait comparative analyses, manipulates phenotypic and phylogenetic data, and performs tests for phylogenetic signal in trait distributions, community structure and species interactions. Picante is a package for the R statistical language and environment written in R and C, released under a GPL v2 open-source license, and freely available on the web (http://picante.r-forge.r-project.org) and from CRAN (http://cran.r-project.org).
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            Community diversity: relative roles of local and regional processes.

            The species richness (diversity) of local plant and animal assemblages-biological communities-balances regional processes of species formation and geographic dispersal, which add species to communities, against processes of predation, competitive exclusion, adaptation, and stochastic variation, which may promote local extinction. During the past three decades, ecologists have sought to explain differences in local diversity by the influence of the physical environment on local interactions among species, interactions that are generally believed to limit the number of coexisting species. But diversity of the biological community often fails to converge under similar physical conditions, and local diversity bears a demonstrable dependence upon regional diversity. These observations suggest that regional and historical processes, as well as unique events and circumstances, profoundly influence local community structure. Ecologists must broaden their concepts of community processes and incorporate data from systematics, biogeography, and paleontology into analyses of ecological patterns and tests of community theory.
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              Phylogenies and Community Ecology


                Author and article information

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                April 2017
                April 2017
                April 08 2016
                : 40
                : 4
                : 521-530
                [1 ]Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia; Univ. Federal do Rio Grande do Sul; Av Bento Gonçalves 9500 CP 15007, Porto Alegre, RS 91501-970 Brazil
                [2 ]Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Evolução, Inst. de Ciências Biológicas; Univ. Federal de Goiás; Goiânia GO 74690-900 Brazil
                [3 ]Dept of Ecology and Natural Resource Management (INA); Norwegian Univ. of Life Sciences (NMBU); Po Box 5003 No-1432 Ås Norway
                [4 ]Inst. of Tropical Forest Conservation; Mbarara Univ. of Science and Technology; PO Box, 44 Kabale Uganda
                [5 ]Inst. Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA); Av André Araújo 2936, CP 478 Manaus AM 69060-011 Brazil
                [6 ]Dept of Botany and Plant Physiology; Univ. of Buea; PO Box 63 Buea SWP Cameroon
                [7 ]Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi; Av Perimetral 1901 Belém PA 66077-530 Brazil
                [8 ]Organization for Tropical Studies, La Selva Biological Station; Sarapiqui Costa Rica
                [9 ]Smithsonian Tropical Research Inst., Botany Dept NMNH-MRC 166; Smithsonian Inst. Po Box 3712 Washington DC 20013-7012 USA
                [10 ]School of Geography; Univ. of Leeds; Leeds LS2 9JT UK
                [11 ]Dept of Geography; Univ. College London; London WC 1E 6BT UK
                [12 ]Environment Dept; Univ. of York; Heslington York YO10 5DD UK
                [13 ]College of African Wildlife Management Mweka; Dept of Wildlife Management; PO Box 3031 Moshi Tanzania
                [14 ]Sokoine Univ. of Agriculture (SUA); Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Dept of Forest Biology; PO Box 3010 Morogoro Tanzania
                [15 ]Centre ValBio, BP 33 Ranomafana Ifanadiana; 312 Fianarantsoa Madagascar
                [16 ]Tropical Biodiversity Section, MUSE - Museo delle Scienze, Corso del Lavoro e della Scienza 3; IT-38123 Trento Italy
                [17 ]WWF-CFP Cameroon/Korup Forest Dynamics Plot (KFDP), Tropical Plant Exploration Group (TroPEG); PO Box 18 Mundemba Ndian South West Region Cameroon
                [18 ]Dept of Biological Sciences; Washington State Univ.; Vancouver WA 98686 USA
                © 2016





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