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      Dobutamine stress Echocardiography Compared With Exercise thallium-201 Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography in Detecting Coronary Artery Disease - Effect of Exercise Level on Accuracy

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          Abstract

          Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and exercise thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were compared for the accuracy in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) in 51 consecutive patients. Twenty-six (group 1) of the 51 patients achieved adequate exercise end points, and 25 (group 2) did not. There were 38 patients with angiographically documented CAD. The overall sensitivity of DSE and thallium-201 SPECT in detecting CAD was 92 and 76% (p = NS), and the specificity was 77 and 77% (p = NS), respectively. The sensitivity of DSE is the same as that of SPECT in group 1 (90 vs. 90%; p = NS) and higher than that of SPECT in group 2 (94 vs. 61%; p < 0.05). In patients with CAD without a history of acute myocardial infarction or pathological Q wave on resting electrocardiogram, the sensitivity of DSE is the same as that of SPECT in group 1 (82 vs. 82%; p = NS) and also higher than that of SPECT in group 2 (90 vs. 40%; p = 0.03). The sensitivity in detecting individual coronary artery lesions with DSE and thallium-201 SPECT was not affected by the exercise level. The agreement between DSE and thallium SPECT in detecting patients with CAD was 88% in group 1 (kappa = 0.69; p < 0.001) and 76% in group 2 (kappa = 0.45; p = 0.01). The agreement in detecting vascular territories with ischemia was 68% in group 1 (kappa = 0.30; p < 0.01) and 75% in group 2 (kappa = 0.33; p < 0.001). The agreement in detecting vascular territories with a scar was 87% in group 1 (kappa -0.55; p < 0.001) and 85% in group 2 (kappa = 0.44; p < 0.001). In conclusion, the sensitivity and specificity of DSE in detecting CAD are similar to that of thallium-201 SPECT with an exercise level =85% of the maximal predicted heart rate. However, in patients who cannot exercise adequately, DSE is more accurate than thallium SPECT. The agreement between DSE and thallium SPECT in detecting patients with CAD and identifying ischemia of individual vascular territories is also affected by the exercise level.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          19 November 2008
          : 88
          : 4
          : 379-385
          Affiliations
          Departments of aInternal Medicine (Cardiology), and bRadiology (Nuclear Medicine), National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
          Article
          177363 Cardiology 1997;88:379–385
          10.1159/000177363
          9197434
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Noninvasive and Diagnostic Cardiology

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