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      Effects of Photoperiod and Ambient Temperature on the Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Neuronal System in the Gray Hamster, Tscherskia triton

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          Abstract

          In seasonal breeders like the hamster, gonadal function depends on the photoperiod. The present study examined the effects of different photoperiods and ambient temperatures on the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuronal system in male gray hamsters, Tscherskia triton. Hamsters were kept from birth under a long-day (LD: 16 h light and 8 h dark) photoperiod and at 23°C until the experiment began. The animals were then kept for 30 days under different photoperiods and ambient temperatures. After autopsy, immunocytochemical and semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analyses were performed on the hamster forebrain. Exposure to a short-day (SD: 8 h light and 16 h dark) photoperiod at 23°C induced a functional decline in the GnRH neuronal system (increased neuron number and immunoreactivity, and reduced cell size). LD with low ambient temperature (7°C) did not influence the GnRH neuronal system. In contrast, SD with low ambient temperature enhanced the SD-induced functional decline in GnRH neurons. Changes in immunoreactivity of GnRH fibers in the median eminence, their release site, were also similar to those in neuronal perikarya. Significant differences in GnRH gene expression were detected in the SD only group and the SD with low ambient temperature group. However, no differences were detected between the two groups. These findings suggest that low ambient temperature enhanced the SD-induced decline in GnRH release from nerve terminals, but was not a crucial factor in the synthesis of this decapeptide.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Photoperiod Affects the Gonadotropin- Releasing Hormone Neuronal System of Male Prairie Voles (Microtus ochrogaster)

          In order to maximize survival, animals inhabiting temperate and boreal latitudes exhibit numerous adaptations to changing seasons. Central among this suite of coping strategies is the cessation of breeding during the suboptimal conditions of winter. Many nontropical rodents inhibit reproduction well in advance of winter in response to short day lengths. Male prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) are small temperate-zone rodents that vary in their reproductive response to photoperiod. Some male voles undergo complete gonadal regression during short days (responders) while others fail to inhibit reproduction when exposed to short day lengths (nonresponders). The neuroendocrine mechanisms regulating this differential response to photoperiod have not been investigated in this species. Presumably, photoperiod can act at any or all levels of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis to regulate reproduction. The present study sought to determine the contribution of the GnRH system to this variable reproductive response to photoperiod. Male prairie voles were housed in either long or short day lengths for 10 weeks. As shown with immunohistochemistry, voles that underwent gonadal regression in response to short photoperiods exhibited increased GnRH neuron numbers in the preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus (POA/AH) relative to both long-day animals and short-day voles that maintained reproductive function. Mean optical density of staining and cell size did not differ among groups. These data suggest that the differential reproductive response to photoperiod in male voles is mediated, in part, by alterations in the GnRH neuronal system.
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            Modulation by photoperiod of gonadotrophin secretion in intact and castrated Djungarian hamsters

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              • Abstract: not found
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              Secretory activity of gonadotropin and the responsiveness of gonadotrophs to gonadotropin-releasing hormone during the annual reproductive cycle of male bats,Rhinolophus ferrumequinum: Analysis by cell immunoblot assay

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                2000
                November 2000
                05 December 2000
                : 72
                : 5
                : 284-292
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Biology, Faculty of Science, Toyama University, Toyama, and bExperimental Animal Center, Miyazaki University School of Medicine, Miyazaki, Japan
                Article
                54597 Neuroendocrinology 2000;72:284–292
                10.1159/000054597
                11124585
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 1, References: 36, Pages: 9
                Categories
                Gonadotropin Regulation and Sex Steroid Feedback

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