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Escala de Resistência à Mudança (RAM): Construção, Evidências Psicométricas e Versão Reduzida Translated title: Escala de Resistencia a los Cambios (RAM): Construcción, Evidencias Psicométricas y Versión Reducida Translated title: Resistance to Change Scale (RCS): Construction, Psychometric Evidences and Reduced Version

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      Abstract

      Resumo O presente estudo teve o objetivo de construir uma Escala de Resistência à Mudança (RAM) que conseguisse agrupar a base teórica existente sobre o tema, reunindo evidências de sua validade fatorial e consistência interna no contexto brasileiro, assim como analisar a adequação da versão reduzida da medida. Foram executados dois estudos. O primeiro contou com a participação de 338 empregados, em sua maioria, de empresas privadas (83%). Estes responderam à RAM e a uma qualificação demográfica. Uma análise de eixos principais (PAF) revelou a preponderância de um fator, explicando 25,56% da variância total e consistência interna (alfa de Cronbach, α) de 0,94. No Estudo 2, participaram 472 empregados, a maioria de empresas privadas (55%). Eles responderam à RAM-20 e a questões demográficas. Os resultados confirmaram a adequação psicométrica do instrumento, podendo ser empregada como uma medida unidimensional para avaliar a resistência à mudança em ambientes organizacionais.

      Translated abstract

      Resumen El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo construir una Escala de Resistencia a los Cambios (RAM) que pudiese agrupar la base teórica existente sobre el tema, reuniendo evidencias de validez factorial y consistencia interna en el contexto brasileño, así como también analizar la adecuación de la versión reducida de la medida. Se realizaron dos estudios. El primero consistió en la participación de 338 empleados, en su mayoría de empresas privadas (83%). Estos respondieron la RAM y una calificación demográfica. Un análisis de ejes principales (PAF) reveló la preponderancia de un factor, que explica 25,56% de la varianza total y consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach, α) de 0,94. En el segundo estudio participaron 472 empleados, la mayoría de empresas privadas (55%) que respondieron la RAM-20 y los temas demográficos, y los resultados confirmaron la adecuación psicométrica del instrumento, pudiendo ser utilizada como una medida unidimensional para evaluar la resistencia a los cambios en ambientes organizativos.

      Translated abstract

      Abstract The present study aimed to develop the Resistance to Change Scale (RAM), to cover the existing theoretical basis on this subject, gathering evidences of its factorial validity and internal consistency in the Brazilian context, and to analyze the adequacy of the reduced version of the measurement. Two studies were conducted. 338 employees participated in the first study, mostly from private companies (83%). They answered RCS and demographic profile questions. A principal component analysis (PCA) revealed the predominance of one factor, explaining 25.56 % of the total variance, and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha, α) of 0.94. In the second study, there were 472 employees, the majority from private companies (55%). They answered RCS-20 and demographic questions. The results confirmed the psychometric adequacy of the instrument, and it can be used as a unidimensional measure to assess the resistance to change in organizational environments.

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      Is the CVI an acceptable indicator of content validity? Appraisal and recommendations.

      Nurse researchers typically provide evidence of content validity for instruments by computing a content validity index (CVI), based on experts' ratings of item relevance. We compared the CVI to alternative indexes and concluded that the widely-used CVI has advantages with regard to ease of computation, understandability, focus on agreement of relevance rather than agreement per se, focus on consensus rather than consistency, and provision of both item and scale information. One weakness is its failure to adjust for chance agreement. We solved this by translating item-level CVIs (I-CVIs) into values of a modified kappa statistic. Our translation suggests that items with an I-CVI of .78 or higher for three or more experts could be considered evidence of good content validity.
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        Predictors and outcomes of openness to changes in a reorganizing workplace.

        It is becoming increasingly important for employees to be able to cope with change in the workplace. This longitudinal study examined a set of individual differences and context-specific predictors of employee openness (i.e., change acceptance and positive view of changes) toward a set of workplace changes. Personal resilience (a composite of self-esteem, optimism, and perceived control) was related to higher levels of change acceptance. Three context-specific variables (information received about the changes, self-efficacy for coping with the changes, and participation in the change decision process) were predictive of higher levels of employee openness to the changes. Lower levels of change acceptance were associated with less job satisfaction, more work irritation, and stronger intentions to quit.
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          Princípios de elaboração de escalas psicológicas

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            João Pessoa Paraíba orgnameFaculdade Maurício de Nassau Brazil
            João Pessoa Paraíba orgnameUniversidade Federal da Paraíba Brazil
            Medianeira Paraná orgnameUniversidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná Brazil
            Florianópolis Santa Catarina orgnameUniversidade Federal de Santa Catarina Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            psicousf
            PsicoUSF
            PsicoUSF
            Universidade São Francisco (Itatiba, SP, Brazil )
            1413-8271
            December 2016
            : 21
            : 3
            : 471-486
            S1413-82712016000300471
            10.1590/1413-82712016210303

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

            Counts
            Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 101, Pages: 16
            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil

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