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      Off-Line Analysis of Red Blood Cell Velocity in Renal Arterioles


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          Videomicroscopic methods with off-line analysis of microcirculatory parameters by multifunctional computer-assisted image analysis systems have significant advantages for in vivo microvascular research. A limitation of these methods is, however, that red blood cell velocities (V<sub>RBC</sub>) exceeding 2 mm/s cannot be measured using standard video framing rates. In the present study, a high-speed video camera, recording up to 600 frames per second, was incorporated in the set-up, and V<sub>RBC</sub> was measured off-line with the line-shift-diagram method. The aim of this study was to test the reproducibility and validity of the method using a high-speed video camera and to evaluate its applicability in vivo. V<sub>RBC</sub> were measured in arterioles of the split hydronephrotic kidney. The intra- and interindividual variability was small for V<sub>RBC</sub> below 40 mm/s. The validity of the method was tested using the mass conservation principle and found to be at least as good as that of the dual-slit photometric technique. The present approach extends the application of videomicroscopy coupled to image analysis systems to the analysis of high V<sub>RBC</sub>.

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          Determination of Red Blood Cell Velocity by Video Shuttering and Image Analysis

          A novel modification of conventional video imaging techniques has been developed to determine the velocity of red blood cells (RBCs), which offers compatibility with existing video-based methods for determining blood oxygenation and hemoglobin concentration. Traditional frame-by-frame analysis of video recordings limits the maximum velocity that can be measured for individual cells in vivo to about 2 mm/s. We have extended this range to about 20 mm/s, by electronic shuttering of an intensified charge-coupled device camera to produce multiple images of a single RBC in the same video frame. RBCs were labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate and the labeled cells (FRBCs) were used as probes to determine RBC velocities in microvessels of the hamster retractor muscle. Velocity was computed as the product of the distance between centroids of two consecutive image positions of a FRBC and the shuttering frequency of the camera intensifier. In vitro calibrations of the system using FRBC and Sephadex beads coated onto a rotating disk yielded an average coefficient of variation of about 6%. Flow conservation studies at bifurcations indicated that the maximum diameter of microvessels below which all the FRBCs in the lumen could be detected was 50 microm. The technique was used to estimate mean-FRBC velocity distributions in vessels with diameters ranging from 8 to 50 microm. The mean-FRBC velocity profiles were found to be blunter than would be expected for Poiseuille flow. Single FRBCs tracked along an unbranched arteriole exhibited significant temporal variations in velocity.

            Author and article information

            J Vasc Res
            Journal of Vascular Research
            S. Karger AG
            February 2000
            07 March 2000
            : 37
            : 1
            : 26-31
            aRenal Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Gent, Belgium, and bServier Research Institute, Suresnes, France
            25710 J Vasc Res 2000;37:26–31
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

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            Page count
            Figures: 3, Tables: 1, References: 15, Pages: 6
            Research Paper


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