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      Validez de contenido y estructura de una escala sobre imitantes para la elaboración de una tesis universitaria Translated title: Validity of content and structure of a scoring system about the limitations for preparing a diploma thesis

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          Abstract

          RESUMEN Introducción: La tesis universitaria permite obtener un título profesional en la mayoría de las universidades; sin embargo, su elaboración no está exenta de obstáculos que muchas veces desilusionan al estudiante. Objetivo: Validar el contenido y la estructura de una escala sobre las limitantes que tienen los estudiantes al elaborar una tesis universitaria. Métodos: Se realizó el diseño de validación de instrumentos correspondiente a la etapa exploratoria (validez de contenido) del constructo “limitantes para el desarrollo de la tesis”, que incluyó las etapas de validez de respuesta y por jueces. En la primera se realizaron entrevistas a profundidad a 95 tesistas. De acuerdo con las respuestas, se seleccionaron palabras clave y se agruparon en dimensiones tentativas, y se hizo una versión preliminar de la escala; en la segunda, se llevaron a cabo entrevistas enfocadas a 15 docentes/asesores de tesis: a partir de sus opiniones se modificaron las dimensiones y la redacción de los ítems. Resultados: Se elaboró una escala con 33 reactivos (8 ítems negativos y 25 positivos). Los ítems fueron agrupados en 6 dimensiones de forma exploratoria: factores personales, tiempo de dedicación, factores económicos, factores institucionales, y factores relacionados con el asesor y los conocimientos del tesista. La escala fue elaborada con respuestas tipo Likert de cinco puntuaciones (Totalmente en desacuerdo-Totalmente de acuerdo), en los cuales se consideró como factor limitante un puntaje cercano al 5 y al 1, en dependencia del tipo de reactivo. Conclusiones: La escala evidenció una estructura y un contenido válidos para aplicarse en estudiantes del pregrado de ciencias de la salud, y poder valorar los aspectos limitantes o no del desarrollo de una tesis de grado.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT Introduction: A diploma paper allows obtaining a professional degree from most universities; however, its preparation is not free of obstacles that often disappoint the student. Objective: To validate content and structure of a scoring system about the limitations that students face when preparing a diploma paper. Methods: The instrument validation design corresponding to the exploratory stage (content validity) of the construct “limitations for the thesis preparation” was carried out, which included the stages of response validity and validity by judges. In the first case, in-depth interviews were carried out with 95 aspirants. According to the answers, key words were selected and grouped in tentative dimensions, and a preliminary version of the scale was made. Regarding the second, interviews were carried out as focused on 15 professors or thesis advisors. Based on their opinions, the dimensions and writing of the items were modified. Results: The scale had six dimensions: personal, institutional, time allotted, advisorship, economic, and knowledge. Based on the key words, a scale was developed including 33 reactive elements and ordinal answers with five categories. Eight negative and 25 positive items were written. Conclusions: The scale showed a valid structure and content to be applied to undergraduate students of health sciences, and thus to be able to assess the limiting or non-limiting aspects of the development of a diploma paper.

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          Apreciación de estudiantes de Medicina latinoamericanos sobre la capacitación universitaria en investigación científica

          Learning research skills should be a goal during undergraduate training of physicians.
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            Validity evidence based on test content.

            Validity evidence based on test content is one of the five forms of validity evidence stipulated in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing developed by the American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, and National Council on Measurement in Education. In this paper, we describe the logic and theory underlying such evidence and describe traditional and modern methods for gathering and analyzing content validity data.
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              Teaching research methodology in medical schools: students' attitudes towards and knowledge about science

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ems
                Educación Médica Superior
                Educ Med Super
                Editorial Ciencias Médicas (Ciudad de la Habana, , Cuba )
                0864-2141
                1561-2902
                June 2020
                : 34
                : 2
                : e1943
                Affiliations
                [1] Lima Lima orgnamePontificia Universidad Católica del Perú Peru
                [2] Lima Lima orgnameUniversidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos orgdiv1Sociedad Científica de Estudiantes de Odontología Peru
                Article
                S0864-21412020000200009 S0864-2141(20)03400200009
                4dd64484-d84d-418d-8ee8-15af027d0c1e

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 16 April 2019
                : 16 April 2020
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 20, Pages: 0
                Product

                SciELO Cuba


                validation studies,estudiantes del área de la salud,undergraduate medical education,tesis académicas,educación de pregrado en medicina,health students,estudios de validación,academic theses

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