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      Hyperlipidemia in Children: The Role of Uremia, Steroids and Cyclosporine Therapy

      ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Lipid profile, Cyclosporine, Uremia, Children, Prednisone

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          Abstract

          At present, there are very few studies that look at the effect of uremia, prednisone and cyclosporine therapy on the lipid profiles of children. This effect is important because of the potential association of hyperlipidemia and increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and glomerulosclerosis. We measured fasting lipid profiles in 73 children. There were 21 controls, 18 patients treated with cyclosporine and prednisone, 9 patients treated with cyclosporine alone and 25 dialysis patients. Lipoprotein (a) levels were measured using direct binding ‘sandwich’ ELISA. Uremic children had higher levels of triglycerides and very-low-density lipoprotein as compared with the control group. Children receiving combination of cyclosporine and prednisone also had higher total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, very-low-density lipoprotein as compared to the control group. However, children receiving cyclosporine monotherapy had lipid profiles similar to the control group. Patients receiving cyclosporine and prednisone had higher total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein as compared with the dialysis group. Evaluating lipoprotein (a) levels, children on cyclosporine monotherapy had lower lipoprotein (a) levels as compared with children on dialysis and those receiving both combination therapy. The total cholesterol/ high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio (TC/HDL) was similar among the study groups. In summary, uremic children and children receiving steroids with cyclosporine have elevated lipid levels. However, the increased risk for atherosclerosis is not evident because of similar levels of lipoprotein (a) and TC/HDL ratios among the study groups.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          24 December 2008
          : 74
          : 3
          : 529-535
          Affiliations
          Renal Division, SUNY Health Science, Center at Brooklyn, N.Y., USA
          Article
          189447 Nephron 1996;74:529–535
          10.1159/000189447
          8938676
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Children, Lipid profile, Uremia, Prednisone, Cyclosporine

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