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Five specificity patterns of (1----3)-alpha-L-fucosyltransferase activity defined by use of synthetic oligosaccharide acceptors. Differential expression of the enzymes during human embryonic development and in adult tissues.

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      The use of synthetic trisaccharides as acceptors led to the definition of five main (1----3)-alpha-L-fucosyltransferase activity patterns in human adult tissues: (I). Myeliod cells, granulocytes, monocytes, and lymphoblasts, transfer an alpha-L-fucopyranosyl group to O-3 of a 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucosyl residue of H blood-group Type 2 oligosaccharide [alpha-L-Fucp-(1----2)-beta-D-Galp-(1----4)-beta-D-GlcpNAc----R] with Mn2+ as activator. (II) Brain has the same acceptor specificity pattern as myeloid cells, but can also use Co2+ as activator. (III) Plasma and liver transfer an alpha-L-furopyranosyl group to H blood-group Type 2 and to sialyl-N-acetyllactosamine [alpha-NeuAc-(2----3)-beta-D-Galp-(1----4)-beta-D-GlcpNAc----R]. (IV) Intestine, gall bladder, kidney, and milk have the same activity as (III), but also transfer an alpha-L-fucopyranosyl group to O-4 of a 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose residue of H blood-group Type 1 [alpha-L-Fucp-(1----2)-beta-D-Galp-(1----3)-beta-D-GlcpNAc----R] and sialyl Type 1 [alpha-NeuAc-(1----3)-beta-D-Galp-(1----3)-beta-D-GlcpNAc----R]. (V) Stomach mucosa is not able to use sialyl-N-acetyllactosamine, but can transfer an alpha-L-fucopyranosyl group to the other Type 1 and Type 2 acceptors. Unlike in adult tissue, a single myeloid-like pattern of (1----3)-alpha-L-fucosyltransferase activity was found at early stages of development in all tissues tested. This embryonic enzyme is later progressively replaced by enzymes or mixtures of enzymes having the corresponding adult patterns of enzyme expression. All lymphoblastoid cell lines and half of the tumor epithelial cell lines tested expressed the myeloid-like pattern of enzyme found in normal embryonic tissues. The remaining tumor epithelial cell lines expressed different forms of (1----3/4)-alpha-L-fucosyltransferase acceptor specificity patterns.

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      [1 ] INSERM U. 178, Villejuif, France.
      Carbohydr. Res.
      Carbohydrate research
      Apr 10 1992
      : 228
      : 1
      1366057 S0008-6215(00)90564-0


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