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      Hypochlorhydria and Hypergastrinemia and Their Association with Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Young Patients with Chronic Renal Failure

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          Abstract

          In 40 young patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) on maintenance hemodialysis and 22 control subjects, (1) basal and test meal-stimulated gastrin concentrations, (2) basal and pentagastrin-stimulated gastric acid outputs, and (3) endoscopic examinations were studied. Age-matched CRF patients with control subjects had higher circulating gastrin levels both in the fasting and the test meal-stimulated state and they also had hypochlorhydria. After a test meal, the peak increment of serum gastrin in the CRF patients was more prolonged and greater than in controls. Endoscopic findings showed that the most predominant lesion in the CRF patients was hemorrhagic gastritis. Nine (64.2%) out of 14 patients were hyposecretors and none were hypersecretors. Patients with hyposecretion had higher gastrin levels as well as the same incidence of abnormal endoscopic findings as patients with normosecretion. It is concluded that hypergastrinemia in young CRF patients might be due to a combined effect of impaired renal clearance capacity and overproduction of gastrin associated with hypochlorhydria and also that the cause of gastritis in the young CRF patients might partly be due to a relative impairment of the mucosal defensive mechanism to acid. Our data suggest that the parietal cell response to gastrin in CRF patient may be impaired.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1988
          1988
          09 December 2008
          : 50
          : 1
          : 5-9
          Affiliations
          Departments of Cardiology and Surgery, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan
          Article
          185108 Nephron 1988;50:5–9
          10.1159/000185108
          3173601
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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