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      Do immigrants work in riskier jobs?

      1 , 2
      Demography
      Project Muse

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          Abstract

          Recent media and government reports suggest that immigrants are more likely to hold jobs with poor working conditions than U.S.-born workers, perhaps because immigrants work in jobs that “ natives don’t want.” Despite this widespread view, earlier studies have not found immigrants to be in riskier jobs than natives. This study combines individual-level data from the 2003-2005 American Community Survey with Bureau of Labor Statistics data on work-related injuries and fatalities to take a fresh look at whether foreign-born workers are employed in more dangerous jobs. The results indicate that immigrants are in fact more likely to work in risky jobs than U.S.-born workers, partly due to differences in average characteristics, such as immigrants’ lower English-language ability and educational attainment.

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          Most cited references33

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          Unhealthy assimilation: why do immigrants converge to American health status levels?

          It is well documented that immigrants are in better health upon arrival in the United States than their American counterparts but that this health advantage erodes over time. We study the potential determinants of this "healthy immigrant effect, " with a particular focus on the tendency of immigrants to converge to unhealthy American BMI levels. Using data from the National Health Interview Survey, we find that average female and male immigrants enter the United States with BMIs that are approximately two and five percentage points lower than native-born women and men, respectively. Consistent with the declining health status of immigrants the longer they remain in the United States, we also find that female immigrants almost completely converge to American BMIs within 10 years of arrival, and men close a third of the gap within 15 years.
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            Chapter 12 The theory of equalizing differences

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              Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Demography
                Project Muse
                0070-3370
                1533-7790
                August 01 2009
                August 01 2009
                : 46
                : 3
                : 535-551
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and IZA, 2200 N. Pearl Street, Dallas, TX 75201
                [2 ]Agnes Scott College and IZA
                Article
                10.1353/dem.0.0064
                19771943
                4ecd1fef-9fe6-41b1-abe8-e95380075c2d
                © 2009
                History

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