To investigate the predictive effect of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in malignant obstructive jaundice (OJ) patients using plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level and surgical Apgar scoring (SAS) system.
Forty one malignant OJ patients undergoing surgical treatments were studied at a single center. Pre-and postoperative plasma BNP level, total bilirubin (TBil) and data of cardiac function (HR, CVP, CI, LVEF%) were detected, the SAS was calculated during the surgery, the relationship of both plasma BNP level and SAS with MACE after surgery was analyzed.
Thirteen patients out of 41 (31.71%) experienced MACE without cardiac death. OJ patients had a higher plasma BNP level than baseline before operation (191.61±105.76 pg/ml VS 175 pg/ml, P<0.05), the cardiac function data was improved (CVP: t=4.761, p=0.000; CI: t=3.539, p=0.001; LVEF%: t=3.632, p=0.001) after the operation. Patients with lower SAS had increasing incidence of MACE after surgery.